Trench Warfare

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by madisontodryk
Last updated 8 years ago

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World War I
Grade:
9

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Trench Warfare

Trench Warfare

A new kind of warfare in World War 1 that involved troops digging and fighting from deep trenches.

When the French defeated the Germans in the First Battle of the Marne, the Germans did not retreat far.

The Trench Warfare made World War 1 so long and deadly was a new technique.

The Germans dug trenches nearby, that was a 400-mile-long network of trenches soon stretched across the western front.

Soldiers fought in these cold, wet,and muddy ditches, sometimes for months at a time.The disgusting trenches wereperfect breeding grounds for germs,and soldiers on both sides and unfortantely died from disease.

New machine guns could fire 400 to 600 bullets a minute. Enormous artillery guns fired shells over the trenches, where they exploded and sent speeding scraps of metal onto the soldiers below.

The empty patch of ground between enemy trenches came to be known as "no-man's-land." This area was quickly stripped of trees and blasted full of holes by artillery shells. Anyone who entered into no-man's-land was likely to be killed by enemy fire.

A series of trenches at the back was used to deliver food, ammunition, and mail to soldiers on the front lines.Some trenches served as first-aid posts where wounded soldiers were cared for until they could be evacuated.

No-man's land was the name given to the area between opposing trenches. It was usually about 250 yards wide and full of barbed wire and abandoned military equipment.

Other shells spread poisonous gases. If soldiers were not wearing gas masks, the gas destroyed their lungs, causing slow, painful deaths. Poisonous gases were orginally banned but came into use by both sides by the end of the end of the war.

Madison TodrykHistory 4th


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