Transcendentalism

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by eeslade
Last updated 8 years ago

Discipline:
Language Arts
Subject:
Literature

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Transcendentalism

Transcendentalism

Transcendentalist Values*Nonconformity*Self-Reliance*Free Thought*Optimism/Confidence*Simplicity*The goodness of man*Importance of Nature

*Born in Boston*Graduated Harvard at age 18*Taught for 3 years, then returned to Divinity School*“Approbated to preach” in 1826*1829: became pastor of Second Church of Boston (Unitarian)*8th in a line of preachers*1832: resigned his pastoral appointment*Toured Europe*England: begins friendship with philosopher Thomas Carlyle*1833: returned to US; becomes active in the Abolitionist movement as a lecturer*Later years: decline in writing and mental facility *April 27, 1882: Emerson dies in Concord, Mass.

"I went to the woods to live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived."

"There is a time in every man's education when he arrives at the conviction that envy is ignorance; that imitation is suicide..."

A philosophical and literary movement in the Romantic tradition - held that individuals can reach ultimate truths through spiritual intuition (beyond reason/science)

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)

Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862)

*Born in Concord, Mass.*Father owned a pencil factory*1837: graduated Harvard College*1837: taught public school in Concord*Resigns teaching post to protest corporal punishment of students*1841-43: lived with Emerson; worked as his handyman*1845-47: lived in cabin on Walden Pond outside Concord; basis for Walden*1846: jailed for refusal to pay poll tax*1847-48: moves back into Emerson’s house while Emerson tours Europe*1849: “Resistance to Civil Government”*1854: Walden published*May 6, 1862: died of tuberculosis

-Reality is more than we can physically sense or mentally understand.-Intuition (feelings, hunches, aha moments) most important human trait-Communion with nature and mysticism help man reach potential-There is a connection between the universe and the human soul

The Philosophy

Transcendental Influence on Pop CultureJack Johnson's "Gone, Going"


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