Transactional

In Glogpedia

by etowler
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies

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Transactional

Transactional, Transformational & Pseudo-Transformational LeadershipA Comparative Analysis

Task Oriented

Utilitarian Approach

Driven by Self-Interest

Value Honesty & Responsibility

Transactional Leaders

VS.

Pseudo- Transformational Leadership* Motivated by Greed, Deception & Envy* Demands Blind Obedience* Requires conformity of beliefs* Actively manipulates followers* Self-Oriented* Promotes Conflict & Competitiveness. (Johnson, 2013)

Transformational Leadership* Promotes Ethical Climate* Facilitates Employee Development* Driven by good of the group* Solicits Subordinate Involvement in Decision Making* Altruistic Oriented (Johnson, 2013)

Transactional

Transformational

VS.

Pseudo- Transformational

Pseudo-transformational leaders can bemistaken as a transformational leader, in that they exhibit charisma and maintaina public facade that paints them as a stance advocate for their followers topromote the greater good. Hitler is anexcellent example of a pseudo-transformational leader. In the early years of his tenure as Chancellor of Germany, Hitler was regarded as anexcellent leader by improving the nation'seconomy and strengthening Germany's image as a world power. Towards the end of his leadership, Hitler's truemotives came to light as his plansfor the final solution became known.His pursuits were totally self-serving andinvolved the full scale murder of his owncountrymen as well as Jews, Gypsys,homosexuals and the mentally ill all across Europe. Josef Stalin and FidelCastro represent two other prominentpseudo-transformational leaders thatrose to power on the guise of transformingtheir country for the better. In reality, themotives of these leaders were self-servingwhile political enemies and individuals withopposing beliefs were commonly executed.

For the most part, transformational leadership isa relatively new concept. Assuch, many revered leaders from history would becategorized as transactionalleaders. Unlike transformationalleaders, the transactionalleader is overtly task oriented.Additionally, these leaderstake a utilitarian approachand pursue their goals withlittle persuasion or inputand despite criticism. AbeLincoln, for example, felt it was morally right toend slavery in the US, despitestrong political opposition. JosephMcCarthy and Dwight Eisenhowerare also historical transactionalleaders by employing a utilitarian approach to achieve their goals, which included riddingthe US of communists and winningWorld War II in Europe respectively. Incontrast, JFK is celebrated asa transformational leader as hesought to make the US a betterplace for all citizens. MartinLuther King represents another prominent transformational leaderas he sought to gain civil rightsfor African Americans despitefacing persecution, inprisonmentand physical violence, and ultimatelyhe was assassinated for his efforts.

Audio recordings retrieved from Soundboard.com

Photographs retrieved from Google Images


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