Trade and Town

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by joannsnliu
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World History
Grade:
8

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Trade and Town

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Trade Begins- During Crusades, W. European's became exposed to trade with distant lands. (Goods such as: silk, sugar, tapestries, spices)--> this caused some individuals to become traders (would go on expeditions to get goods; they also needed $$ to pay for these trips).- Traders began to sell their wares at local fairs / markets, sponsored by feudal lords. People loved these fairs, came not just to buy, but to browse and socialize.- People began to realize they could escape serfdom: they could make things and sell them in exchange for money!- All over Europe, people learned/perfected skills to produce goods, i.e. copper pots, gloves, cutlery

Trade and Town

Organizations formed that had expert artisans: bakers, tailors, weapon makers, tanners, tavern keepers. All tradespeople had to belong to a guild; all could only belong to the guild they trained for

The Craft Guild

Trade --> Towns!- After some point, fairs were not enough to satisfy the needs of traders and consumers:a) they were seasonal (no one sold/bought during Winter)b) too far (travel was dangerous) Both these reasons led to the need for towns (stable, permanent shops protection from a wall)

Trade Begins- During Crusades, W. European's became exposed to trade with distant lands. (Goods such as: silk, sugar, tapestries, spices)--> this caused some individuals to become traders (would go on expeditions to get goods; they also needed $$ to pay for these trips).- Traders began to sell their wares at local fairs / markets, sponsored by feudal lords. People loved these fairs, came not just to buy, but to browse and socialize.- People began to realize they could escape serfdom: they could make things and sell them in exchange for money!- All over Europe, people learned/perfected skills to produce goods, i.e. copper pots, gloves, cutlery

Did you Know?-Terms such as apprentice and journeyman (par journee) that we use today, originated from these craft guilds!

Social Changes- with the advent of trade, money became very important.- Wealth now not limited to the class you were born into ; merchants and hardworking tradespeople had a chance to become independent, wealthy, powerful- New Middle Class was born (one reason Feudalism ended)- Sometimes merchant guilds became so powerful that they were able to support their own army/navy i.e. Venice, Naples, Genoa


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