Total Knee Replacement Surgery

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Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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Total Knee Replacement Surgery

Anatomy of the Knee:The knee joint connects your thigh bone with your shin bone. When the bones and cartilage are healthy and working properly, you can easily move your knee and not experience pain. With a total knee replacement, the surgeon will remove damaged areas of bone and cartilage, and will replace the inner, outer and front portion of the knee with an implant. The goal of this surgery is to reduce pain and have you be able to be more active.

Are you a candidate for a Total Knee Replacement Surgery?Total knee replacement is surgery for people with severe knee damage. Common damage is caused by osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Your orthopedic surgeon may recommend it if you have knee pain and medicine and other treatments are not helping you anymore. Testing to see if you are a candidate are x-rays and MRI's of the knee.

Total Knee Replacement Surgery

The Surgery:You can expect to be hospitalized for 3-5 days. You will work with your provider and anesthesiologist to decide what type of anesthesia is right for you. The surgery itself will take 1-2 hours. The surgeon will remove damaged cartilage and bone and insert the implants which can be made of metal alloys, strong plastic or ceramic material.

The Recovery- Short & Long Term:Short- is achieved within 12 weeks of surgery. This is defined by no longer needing a walking aid (crutches/ walker) and pain medication. There are many steps along this part of healing. Physical therapy and working with your provider on pain management are importantLong- the average time for this is between 3-6 months. This is when the patient can return to regular daily activities and feel "normal" leg movement with minimal pain.


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