Tina Strobos

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by RazS7C
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World War II
Grade:
7

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Tina Strobos

19441943

19461945

The start of medical students going into a hospital which let them learn pathology and serve as interns (students which learn or practice. medicine under supervision) Tina participated in some of the sessions, even though Tina didn’t take the needed exams, she took part in it and learned a lot from the sessions. It continued after 1941.July, 1942 - a kid name Lue (14 years old, hard to find a hiding place for that age); she put pressure on the non Jewish people to help the boy, even though a Nazi person lived in the same building. She and the L.O (Country Organization) gave the house owners money and ration cards, but it was still difficult (no flushing the toilet, always having soft shoes)

19421941

May 1945: the Netherlands is liberated by the Canadian armyand the Americans had sent food

1945: Tina freed Jeanne and Tirsah Van Amerongen after a week in Jail. (close friends - Jewish) She got Bram out in March after his friend Lion was shot. She showed the Gestapo officials a letter from Nils Bohr (importand scientidt) that invited Bram to study in Denmark; Also, she said Bram is a great and important physician.1946: recorded a medical degree from the university of Amsterdam. Following years: studied psychiatry in London under the direction of Anne Freud

19461945

19421941

January, 1941: Jews were required to register with the German authorities The establishment of the Jewish Council which organaized all the deportations and the Jewish community - it ended that they were controlled by the NazisFebuary, 1941: The Amsterdam ghetto was built, the old Jewish quartar was attacked and the Jewish and Dutch youths had resist againts the Nazis - one of the biggest civilian protest that happened during the warJuly, 1941: Jews got the stamp "J" on their I.D. cardsAugust 1941: Jewish kids were banned to learn in Dutch schoolsJanuary 1942: Labor camps were madeMay, 1942: Jews were told to wear the yellow star and Jewish peope got specific laws like; not to be on the streets from 6AM to 8P.M. no shopping from 3 P.M. to 5 P.M.Same month, 1942: Telephones, public transportation and being in non-Jewish people's house are forbidden for Jews. German government seized Jewish property except for wedding rings and gold teeth.

September, 1943: the last round up, the Jewish Council and an aproximate of 5,ooo Jews were sent to Westerbork concentration camps1944: most Jews who were caught went to jail

19441943

Tina Strobos -Timeline

1940 1939

1940 1939

1939 - 1940 - Tina and Marie hid a Jewish religious family from PolandMay, 1940 - the university students where Tina studied in had to sign an oath of loyalty for Hitler, mostley refused - University was shut down so she joined a violent resistance group, the Binnenlandse, but later left to the underground (while being at the violant resistance group, she hid weapons, armoured people)

May 14, 1940: The netherlands surrenders to GermanyOctober, 1940: all Jews are not allowed to be in the governmentDecember, 1940: non Jewish people are not allowed to work in Jewish houses

1943: Siegfried and Suze Pekel, only 17 or 18 years old, the couple had hidden in a closet and were not found by the Gestapo. Marie brought them home and Tina found them a hiding place in a farm; under a bed, lying on mattressesMarch 19, 1943: she helped Bram (her Jewish fiancée which was a physician) find a hiding place including breaking their engagement due to the dangour. She found for him 4 different hiding places, provided food, books and ration cards.

How did she help Jews?•Hid Jews in her house later called the L.O and sent them to a safer address.•Stole non-Jewish passports (sometimes from people she new), soaked off the seal and then sealed the Jewish’s people photographs on the passport including putting their finger prints on the back of it using a special machine.•Provided Jews with printed food stamps•Managed radio listening meetings in her house with Jews. (radios weren’t allowed)•Her grandmother had a radio sender at her house, they used it by sending messages from the under ground to BBC. (sometimes in code) •Hid weapons in her house•In the L.O, when a Jewish person was hid by others, she would go to the anti-terrorist people and give them money, ration cards for food and other important materials. Sometimes she would have to ride a bike an hour long, or even go by trains to the other side of the country.•Helped seek people out of the country•May 1940 – University was shut down because students didn’t sign an oath of loyalty to Hitler – Joined the underground – ran underground classes

Diary Entry - religious familyJanuary 27th, 1940,Winter, the weather is cold/warm. Netherlands started getting messages from Germany to surrender, not a lot but some bombs were sent over. I feel that the war is getting closer, but I just don'’t understand how people don’t fight back, don’t they have hearts? Are they afraid? Humanity is all about being a community and helping others. In the past few days, Polish Jews have come into the Netherlands, a lot of them are asking for hiding. Poland has been attacked with great power. Jews are not allowed to travel by train unless they have permission, they are forced to do labor work, synagogues are getting destroyed and they were forced to give up valuable object like jewelry, cloths, I heard it from the underground, live through the radio at the channel of BBC. It's just horrible and terrible! Due to the fact that I work with the underground, I suggested some Jews could hide in my house, I am not scared from the Germans, they aren’t here, although I know they are about to enter the Netherlands, I have a strong feeling that everything is going to change.February 6th, 1940,Three days ago, the underground sent me to get a Polish religious family from an old train, at 2AM, (the family had false papers) I was ordered to take care of them, and hide them at my house. I was excited meeting them, but I knew I had to stay calm, and not ask useless questions. I recognized them by faces even though it was dark; I was given a family photo of them. The girls wore large coats to hide their religious cloths, the father had a large beard but he hid it under a thin blanket that was tied around his head (it did look a little weird) and a thick jacket to prevent the cold and to blur out his image. His sons were so tight to him that no one noticed the long hair they had on the sides of their ears. They were frightened and scared. They were without the yellow star, which was dangerous since they looked Jewish. Luckily, the false papers let them pass including the fact that it was an old train station so the security was low and the Germans still didn’t invade the Netherlands. I went closer to them, but they backed off. Five children and two parents, each one holding a pack of food in his hands, including some in the shirt. They looked very poor and cheap; after all, the Jewish were very poor in Poland. I showed them a letter from my headquarters, and they agreed to enter my car. At first they were so chocked they almost ran away, to nowhere, but I calmed them down with a smile, then I also said "I am a friend, I am here to help. My name is Tina and I won't hurt you." The middle aged kid smiled, and the parents were less worried, especially after I showed them the letter. Suddenly the younger kid started crying, so we quickly entered the car and drove to my house.I stopped the car. We all went out quietly, hiding from lights on the street. I knocked twice on the door; my mother noticed my voice and opened the door. She was fantasized by the amount of people entering the house, the hiding place was meant for at least five people, not seven! The only thing she did was smiling. She opened the hiding place, it was already ready, and they all ran inside, still scared and breathing heavily. I heard the mother saying thank you, but immediately closing the door. A moment before the door was closed; I was observing the family praying and holding a small book, which appeared to be a part of the bible. I guess they were afraid we were heathens or pagans, which seemed strange for them. I think that since they barley opened the entrance of the hiding place, even when going to the bathroom, just a crack. They stayed there for most of the time. The only thing they asked my mother and I was for water, but nothing else.


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