Thomas Cole

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by Ashen21
Last updated 7 years ago

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Arts & Music
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Artist Biographies
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Thomas Cole

Bibliography "Thomas Cole Biography"(January 2014), Thomas Cole the Complete Works, Retrieved from http://www.thomas-cole.info/biography.html "Biography of Thomas Cole", (January 2014), Thomas Cole National Historic Site, Retrieved from http://www.thomascole.org/biography-of-thomas-cole/ "Thomas Cole "(January 2014), Hudson River School, Retrieved from http://hrs-art.com/hudson-river-school-artists/thomas-cole/ "The Hudson River School"(January 2014) The Metropolitan Mueseum of Art, Retrieved from http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/hurs/hd_hurs.htm

- Was a founder of the Hudson River School of Painting - Created a style of painting that focused on nature and used great light

After his death, landscape painters under his influence, started the Hudson River School of Painting. It was America's first true artistic fraternity. Even though Cole didn't organize the opening of the school, he was still named the founding father, because he was the inspiration that caused the landscape painters to open the school. The school taught a style of painting that gave great light to the landscape and focused on nature. Cole's contribution helped create the United States identity, because this new style of art helped shape the beginning of American landscape. It was a style of art the United States could call their own.

Thomas Cole

Thomas Cole was born on February 1, 1801 in Bolton-le-Moor, England. In England he worked as an engraver's assistant and was the apprentice to a designer of calico prints. He emigrated to America in 1818. Cole worked as an engraver in Philadelphia for a few years before moving to Ohio. In Ohio, Cole learned the basics of oil painting from a traveling portrait painter named Stein. In 1823, Cole moved back to Philadelphia and studied at the Pennsylvania School of Fine Arts. Two years later Cole moved to New York and that year took a sketching trip up the Hudson River and Catskill Mountains. The small paintings of the Catskill landscape were sold to three well-known figures in the art community. After this he was elected a founding member of the Academy of Design and demand for his paintings grew. In 1829, Cole sailed to various places in Europe to study and learn painting techniques. Cole wanted to create landscapes that expressed moral or religious meaning in a higher style of landscape. He returned to New York in 1842 and spent most of his time in Ceder Grove painting a five-part series, called The Cross and the World, that showed a person's journey for spiritual knowledge. Cole never finished the painting, but kept trying up to his unexpected death on February 11, 1848.

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