The worst of the roaring twenties

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History

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The worst of the roaring twenties

Nativism implies prejudice toward outsiders, mainly foreigners. In the past, nativism is in 3 forms: anti-Catholicism, anti-Semitism, and anti-immigrant sentiment and has been widely talked about in political discussions and the publics opinion.

During times of warfare, decline in the economy, and heavy immigration, americans, during times of nativism, feel socially, politically, or economically threatened by long-standing and new "foreigners" or "aliens".

A terroist group called the KKK dominated the South. Those who did not "fit in" found out they were in for something horrible. People who supported un-American political beliefs,such as communism, were suspects of all sorts of wrongdoings.

During the 1920's, the "Red Scare" referred to the people's fear of communism all over the U.S. It has been said that, in 1920 alone, there were over 150,000 communists or anarchists in the U.S. This represented only about .1% of the overall population in the United States.

The General Investigation Division (GID), identified over 60,000 radicals across the U.S, many of them immigrants and aliens. They appointed a young lawyer named J.Edgar Hoover as their head. In 33 cities and in 23 states, 5,000 suspects were arrested by the GID and local law enforcement on January 2-3,1920.

In May 1920, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were arrested and charged with a wages robbery in which two guards were killed. Both men spoke little English and were from Italy. The men were known to be anarchists, and when they were found,had loaded guns on them. Judge Thayer-the judge at the trial, was known to hate the "Reds" and 61 people claimed they saw both men at the robbery/murders. However, 107 people claimed that they'd seen both men elsewhere when the crime was commited. Regardless, both men were found guilty. Their lawyers plead in vain; while, the men spent 7 years in prison. In spite of many public petitions and protests, on August 24th, 1927, Sacco and Vanzetti were executed by the electric chair.

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The Worst of the Roaring Twenties

Written by Mikayla W.


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