[2014] Abby Russo (Sample Class): The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

by teachmsa
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
World War II

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[2014] Abby Russo (Sample Class): The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

By Abby Russo

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland. This date was extremely important to many Jewish people living in Poland, especially those who called its capital their home. Shortly after they surrendered, the German troops entered Poland’s capital, Warsaw. Beginning on November 23, 1939, Jewish people of Warsaw were required to identify themselves by wearing a white armband with a blue Star Of David on it. Before the invasion, Warsaw was a center of Jewish life and practice. When the Germans took over, they closed Jewish schools, took Jewish property, and forced Jewish men into labor and dissolved prewar Jewish organizations. Later on, an issue was put out that all the Jews in Warsaw were to be moved into the Warsaw Ghetto. Here, they were either killed or deported to killing centers. German Police would use violence to force the Jewish men to Umschlagplatz Concentration Camp. About 300,000 Jews died at the Warsaw Ghetto, meanwhile 265,000 were deported to the Treblinka killing center, and 11,580 were sent to forced-labor camps. Horrifyingly enough, the Germans demanded that the Jewish Council help with the deportation lists. As expected, they refused. Some of the members committed suicide and others were killed. Eventually, the Jews in the ghetto fought back against the deportations. This uprising would later be appropriately known and the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. “In response to the deportations, on July 28, 1942, several Jewish underground organizations created an armed self-defense unit known as the Jewish Combat Organisation (Zydowska Organizacja Bojowa; ZOB)”(“Warsaw Ghetto Uprising”). There were approximately 200 members of the ZOB, which ambushed Nazis entering the ghetto on January 1943. The uprising took the Nazis completely by surprise, which caused them to run out of the ghetto not once, but two times.Twenty-eight days went by, while more than 30,000 Jewish fighters fought in ghettos, forests, and death camps. The fighting continued until the Nazis finally defeated the ZOB’s clever plan. Germans blew up buildings and killed any Jew in sight. On May 8, 1943, the ZOB command bunker fell to the Germans and the leaders of the uprising committed suicide. Around 300 German Nazis died; thousands of Jews were slaughtered. In order to stop the uprising, the Germans destroyed, bombed, and swallowed buildings with a deadly inferno. As a result of this annihilation, a rough 7,000 Jews in hiding were killed. “Virtually all those who survived the Uprising to Treblinka were dead by the end of the war” (“Warsaw Ghetto Uprising Begins”). Emmanuel Ringlemad, a Warsaw Ghetto Historian, wrote of the spirit of the Jewish Resistance: “To live with honor and to die with honor.” Ringelman was killed one week after he wrote of this spirit. Unlike the foes that fought and terrorised them for years, the Resistance Leaders lived and died with honor. When the Warsaw Ghetto was destroyed, Germans declared that a concentration camp be established at the site of the ghetto. In the end, 7,000 Jews were deported to Treblinka, and 42,000 were deported to concentration camps or forced labor camps. Out of those 42,000 Jewish people, 16,000 Jews were deported to Poniatowa forced-labor camp, 6,000 were sent to Trawniki forced-labor camps, and 2,000 were either deported to Budzyn or Krasnik forced-labor camps.

Treblinka Death Camp(Click on Picture Below)

Jewish people in Warsaw had to wear white armbands with a blue Start Of David. This was to display to officers that they were Jewish.

"The most difficult struggle of all is the one within ourselves.Let us not get accustomed and adjusted to these conditions.The one who adjusts ceases to discriminate between good and evil.He becomes a slave in body and soul. Whatever may happen to you,remember always: Don’t adjust! Revolt against the reality!"-Mordechai Anielewicz

Deported Jews were sent to the Treblinka Death Camp.

To end the Uprising, Nazis and German police officers destroyed the Warsaw Ghetto with a blishtering inferno. Jewsish people in hiding were killled in result of this event.

Chirdren became orphans quickly. Some young children had to take the responsiblity of watching over adn caring for even smalled siblings.

"The motto if Jewish communal leadership was 'to live with honor and to die with honor'. We endeavred in the ghettos and in teh camps to live up to this motto." -Emmanuel Ringleblum

Suffering and death did not keep small children from persueing a childhood. They made use of what they could.


  • teachmsa 6 years ago

    teachmsa's avatar

    love the background; nice music; overall a very nice job