The War of 1812

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Social Studies
American History

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The War of 1812

The War BeginsIn 1811, William Henry Harrison led his army to victory in the battle of Tippecanoe. On June 18, 1812, the president signed a declaration of war against Britain. After, the US quickly attacked a British colony, what is known today as, Canada. On August 16, 1812, the US suffered a humiliating defeat by Sir Issac Brock's army in Canada.

What was it?Due to Great Britain's interference with the US, on June 18, 1812, the United States declared war on Great Britain.

Causes of the WarThe Royal Navy forced men from US merchant vessels to serve for the British. The US passed the non-intercourse act, which restricted trade with Britain and France. Due to Great Britain affecting the US trade, Congress began to move towards war. Mainly over British violations of maritime rights and Britain's encouragment of Native Americans keeping the US from expanding.

Works Cited"The War of 1812." NMAH. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Aug. 2014."Short History of the War of 1812." Short History of the War of 1812. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Aug. 2014."War of 1812." A&E; Television Networks, n.d. Web. 26 Aug. 2014.

The End of the War of 1812The United States gave up its demands to end impressment, and Britain promised to leave Canada’s borders unchanged and abandon efforts to create a state in the Northwest territory. On December 24, 1814, the Treaty of Ghent was signed. However, On January 8, 1815, unaware that peace had been concluded, British forces mounted a major attack on New Orleans, but still faced defeat. The War of 1812 boosted America's self confidence and encouraged the spirit of American expansionism

-The War of 1812-

The War Begins (continued)Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry's success in the battle of Lake Erie in September of 1813 place Northwest territory under American control. Then Harrison took Detriot in the victory of the Battle of Thames. Due to Britain's victory over France in 1814, Britain was able to turn its full attention to the US. British forces raided Chesapeake Bay and moved in Washington D.C, on August 24, 1814, burning the Capitol, the White house, and governemtn buildings. On September 13 , 1814, Baltimore's Fort McHenry held off British Bombardment for 25 hours. This is when Francis Scott Key found inspiration to write his poem, "The Star Spangled Banner".

By: Sean Phan


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