The War of 1812

by LydiaAllen11625
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
8

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The War of 1812

Oliver Hazard Perry- American naval captainBattle of Lake Erie- Setember 10, 1813, battle against BritishAndrew Jackson- Commander of the Tennessee militiaTreaty of Fort Jackson- Ended the Creek War and forced the Creek to give up millions of acres of their landBattle of New Orleans- Last major conflict of the War of 1812Hartford Convention- Federalists agreed to oppose the war and send delegates to meet with CongressTreaty of Ghent- Ended the War of 1812 on December 24, 1814

Battle of Lake Erie

Just before the Battle of New Orleans, the Heartford Convention met and decided to oppose the war. However, just before they got to Washington, word spread that the war was over. The Treaty of Ghent had been signed in Belgium on December 24, 1814. The Federalists lost some of their reputation among the Americans because of thier blunder. Nations did return all land, but the lack of goods also boosted American manufactoring.

Vocabulary

The War of 1812

At sea, Americans were heavily outnumbered. While the British had several hundered ships, America only had twenty. Despite this, the US was making some progress. The British ships were wide spread, which made them weak. America was able to defeat several. Meanwhile, the border with Canada was having issues. Americans decided to try and attack over land, but it wasn't going very well. Instead, they went for control of Lake Erie. Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry led the successful attack. With control of the lake, General Harrison made his way on land. He was able to defeat both the Native Americans and the British. Tecumseh's death also made the alliance between the Indians and the British shakey. In the South, Creek Indianas were angry. They attacked Fort Mims on the Alabama River. Commander Andrew Jackson and about 2,000 others fought back. His troops won the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. The Creek Indians signed the Treaty of Fort Jackson, both ending the Creek War and forcing them to give up lots and lots of their land to the Americans. In 1814, the British defeated the French. This was bad news for America in the East. The British set fire to many of the official buildings, including the White House. In Baltimore, the Americans won mostly by pure stubborness. The British then moved South in hopes of capturing New Orleans, thus gaining control of the Mississippi. The Americans defended the port with a rag-tag and miss-matched group of warriors. On January 8, 1815, the British, once again, outnumbered the Americans. During the Battle of New Orleans, somehow, the Americans were able to kill or wound over 2,000 of the British, while the Americans only had about 70 deaths.

Lydia Allen


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