The War of 1812

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by mia527
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
American History

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The War of 1812

After several stressors President Madison declared war on Britain. The war began with an attack on Canada, both as an effort to gain land and to cut off British supply lines to Tecumseh's Indian. The Americans lost several battles because they were outnumbered largely by the British and it was only by luck that they won the battle on Lake Erie due to Oliver Hazard Perry. British troops landed in the Chesapeake Bay area in 1814, and marched towards Washington. The US troops were badly routed. The city of Washington was evacuated, and the British burned the Capitol and the White House, along with the rest Washington. The British pressed onward, and sought to invade Baltimore. General Ross was killed as his forces advanced towards the city. British forces bombarded Fort McHenry, which guarded Baltimore's harbor, but were unable to take it. This event inspired Francis Scott Key, an American lawyer detained on one of Cochrane's ships, to write the Star-Spangled Banner.

Causes & Effects

War Hawks- Those who were eager to go to war with Britain.Impressment- Siezing of sailors, and forcing them to serve in the British navy.Nuetrality- not favoring either side.

Blockade- The act of shutting out a part of a road to prevent people or goods from entering or leaving.Nationalism- Pride in one's country.

Causes: -- American merchants resented British barriers of trade with France. -- Americans angered by impressment. -- Americans believe the British pushed Native Americans to fight with American settlers. -- Some members of the House of Reps wanted to expand into Canada. Effects: -- American patriotism was boosted. -- Native Americans were weakened. -- Loss of trade encouraged American manufacturing. -- United States proved that it could defend itself.

The War of 1812

About the War

Key Vocabulary

The Burning of Washington DC during the War of 1812


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