The War of 1812

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The War of 1812

The War of 1812 was declared over on December 24th, 1814 by the Treaty of Ghent, however, one more battle took place at January 1815 as the news of the treaty took several weeks to reach the United States. The U.S did not gain any new territory and trade in New England was badly damaged due to the blockades. However, the war did change how America views itself and how other countries view it. European nations would now have to treat the young republic with respect.

"We have met the enemy and they are ours." ~Oliver Hazard Perry

The War of 1812

Dolly Madison"I am still here within the sound of the cannon!... I have had [a wagon] filled with the...mose valuable porable articles... I insist on waiting until the large picture of Gen. Washington."

The War of 1812 was a conflict the United States had tried to avoid with Britain. Unfortunately, it eventually came to be. During 1809, there was great tension between the Americans and Britain. Towards Britain, they objected the impressment of their country's sailors and the arming of opposing Native American tribes. The Americans had a sense of nationalism towards their country and were worried that their country's honor was in danger of being lost. War hawks, like Henry Clay and John Calhoun were eager to battle Britain, however, opposition forces were concerned with the costly consequences with American trade, In the early months of 1812, relations with Britain became worse, and Britain even continued the impressment of U.S sailors. Native Americans, whom the British armed with weapons, began new attacks against American fronteir settlements. As a result, Congress had to declare war against Britain in order to stop these problems.

Background Info of the Beginning

Vocabulary >Nationalism: pride in one's country.>War Hawks: those who were eager for war with Britain.>Impressment: the seizing of U.S sailors and forcing them to serve in the British navy. >Neutrality: not favoring either side in a dispute.>Blockade: the action of shutting a port or road to prevent people or supplies from coming into an area or leaving it.

Effects of the War

Second War of Independence

On June 1812, Congress had officially declared war against Britain. But there were several reasons as to why Congress declared war. Britain was responsible for arming the Native Americans that attacked United State's frontier settlements. Furthermore, Britain continued the impressment of U.S sailors as one of their responses to America's neutrality during the French Revolution. The relationship with Britain got worse as time passed, and in order to stop Britain from doing these actions, war was their final option.

Causes of the War

Visuals of Battles

Ironsides Vs Constitution

Lake Erie Battle

Battle of New Orleans

British Blockades Map

Visuals of the Sides

To some people, the War of 1812 was remembered as "The Second War of Independence". The reason why was beause the Americans once again secured its independence from Britain during this war, which was the same reason as to the American Revolution, the first war of independence [from Britain].

The British had become weary from the war. After several battles and attacks, such as the Battle of Horseshoe Bend, Battle of Lake Erie, Battle of the Atlantic Ocean, and the Attack on Washington, both sides signed the Treaty of Ghent on December 24th, 1814. Although the news of the treaty took quite some time to reach the U.S, the war was officially declared over.

Second War of Independence?

Background Info of the End

Stars-Spangled Banner

On September 13th, 1814, an American named Francis Scott Key witnessed the attack on Fort McHenry. Yet, in the dawn, he noticed the flag still standing, indicating that the Americans had fought off the attack. Key wrote what he saw throughout the night on the back of an envelope. as a poem. The poem was titled 'The Star-Spangled Banner" and was made the country's national anthem in 1931. The song relates to the War of 1812 because it centers around how the Americans of the country are willing to defend its honor, and that America will stand togther as a whole through the "thick and thin". Everything the song had mentioned occured in the War of 1812; the stuggles, the attacks, the battles, and the sacrafices. Yet, the Americans were still able to defend its country and its independence.

Sources>>>>Prentice Hall: America; History of Our Nation; Beginnings Through 1877


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