The US constitution

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Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History

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The US constitution

This is the house of Reps. It is the lower house of Congress. To qualify to be a representative you have to be 25 years of age and a resident of the state you are running for. Also must be a U.S. citizen for 7 years.

I am the Senate I am the higher house of Congress. To qualify for the Senate you have to be 30 years of age and a resident of the state you are running for. Also must be a U.S. citizen for 9 years.

The Legislative branch is split up into two houses the House of Reps. and the Senate. These to houses are where bills are introduced to. Without this house there wouldnt be anything to keep the Executive Branch in check with a system of Checks and Balances.

How a bill becomes a law

For a bill to become a law it first has to go through a 5 step process. First it is introduced to the House of Reps. or the Senate. It is then sent to a committee. They either approve, rewrite, or kills the bill. It is then sent to floor action where Congress then debates over version of the bill. Then Congress has to pass the bill and after that it is sent to the White House where the President can approve or veto the bill. If he vetoes the bill Congress can override that veto with a 2/3 vote.

The U.S. Constitution

Article1- Legislative Branch

Article 2- Executive Branch

Article 3- Judicial Branch

The executive branch makes treaties, appoints Supreme Court Justices, calls special sessions, grants pardons, and has the power to veto a bill. The leader of this branch of government is the president. The president that we have now in the U.S. is Barack Obama. There is also a vice-president that will take the oath of office if the something happens to the president. Obama's vice-president is Joe Biden. To become president you have to be 35 years old. A U.S. born citizen, and a resident of the U.S. for 14 years. If the vice-president can't fill the office then the leader of the senate takes over then the leader of the House of Reps. takes over.

The judicial Branch is made up of 9 Supreme Court Justices. The judicial branch makes sure that laws follow the Constitution. The 3 teir court system is made up of District Court, Appeals Court , and Supreme Court. Unlike the other branches Supreme Court Justices can serve on the Court for life. Most cases start at district court, but cases involving states or foreign countries can skip both District and Appeals court and go right to Supreme Court. There is appelet jurisdiction is the power to review court decisions of lowercourts.

Article 4- Relations Among States

This article states that all states must recognize or know the laws of the other states.

The official changes to the Constitution are called amendments. To propose an amendment to Congress you need to get a 2/3 vote from the House of Reps. and Senate. Then once it has been proposed it has to get a 3/4 vote from the state legislatures at a state convention. After this the amendment is officially ratified.

Article 5- Amendment Process

The Constitution's Supreme laws of the land are national laws and treaties. All government officials must follow the Constitution or else they will be removed from that position.

Article 6- Supremecy of the National Gov.

Article 7- Ratification

The Constitution was written in the year 1787 and 9 out of the 13 states had to approve of the document for it to go into affect.

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