The Tundra Biome

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by msmakmccarthy
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Ecosystems

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The Tundra Biome

The Tundra Biome

Solena Moleze, Michelle Ferrer, Kelly Sullivan, ' Kaitlin McCarthy

Climate

Botany

Zoology

Tourist Attractions

Arctic Tundra:-About 1,700 kinds of plans in the arctic tundralow shrubs, sedges, reindeer mosses, liverworts, and grasses-Over 400 varieties of flowers_-crustose and foliose lichen-plants adapt to the conditions of the tundra, they are short and close to the ground to resist cold temperaturesstill carry out photosynthesis but reproduce by budding and division Alpine Tundra:high in altitude where trees can’t growsimilar to the plants of the arctic tundratussock grasses, dwarf trees, small-leafed shrubs, and heaths

Tourist Activities and Attractions:-“Take a Hike!” “Don’t Mind if I Do!”Take the golden opportunity to explore the Arctic tundra on foot! The landscape is an adventure in itself with its many river flats, open foothills, and stunning terraced benches. Animal Adoration!The tundra is home to many animals that can’t wait to meet you! Come see them (from a safe distance of course!) in their natural habitat. It’s truly intriguing! Polar bears, golden eagles, mountain goats- OH MY!*Polar Bears can be found in places such as Manitoba in Canada!“Just Around the Riverbend!”If you love the rush of kayaking or canoeing the Arctic Tundra provides a perfect place to ride the waters. *Arctic Canada has the Thomsen River. The calm waters allow the kayaker to experience an appealing, peaceful ride through the serenity of the remote rolling tundra. *In Alaska, the Kobuk River, which heads in the wild Brooks Range, is beautiful route in which grizzly bears or caribou can make a fascinating appearance on its banks.***Fun Fact!*** Tundra comes from the Finnish word tunturia which means treeless land.

Come Walk in a Real Winter Wonderland!

Work Cited:1. Alpine Biome. Alpine Biome. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2014.2. "ARCTIC ANIMALS - Adaptations for Survival on the Arctic Tundra and in the Arctic Seas." ARCTIC ANIMALS - Adaptations for Survival on the Arctic Tundra and in the Arctic Seas. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2014.3. "Earth Floor: Biomes." Earth Floor: Biomes. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2014. 4. "Pictures of Tundras." Pictures of Tundras-Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2014. 5. "Tundra Biome Facts." Tundra Biome Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2014. 6. "The Tundra Biome." The Tundra Biome. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Oct. 2014. 7. "Tundra Biosphere - Google Search." Tundra Biosphere - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Oct. 2014.8. "Tundra Threats, Tundra Species - National Geographic." National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2014.9. "What Are Three Activities That You Do in the Tundra?" Travel Tips. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2014.

Yearly Weather Patterns-the coldest as well as driest biome in the world-main seasons of the tundra are winter and summer. Fall and spring are short.-since it is much colder than any arctic environment, the grounds are always covered with snow and ice.-average annual temperature is -18 degrees F-during the winter time, nights may last for weeks at a time and the sun barely shines, causing the temperatures to drop to around -94 degrees F-during the summertime, the sun shines for almost 24 hours a day, making tundras known as “The Land of the Midnight Sun”-summers are drastically warmer compared to other times in the year, and the temperatures can get up to 54 degrees F, though it can still be as cold as 37 degrees FThreats on the Environment-Global Warming is a terrible problem for tundras because it could affect the environment, what grows there, as well as the several species who live there if the permanent snow is melted-Along with the issue of global warming, the multitudes of oil mines and rigs disturb the delicate demeanor of the environment

Arctic Tundra: very diverse: carnivores, herbivores, birds, mammals, insects, fishsome animals include caribou (Rangifer tarandus), arctic foxes (Vulpes lagopus), snow buntings (Plectrophenax nivalis), musk ox (Ovibos moschatus), polar bears (Ursus maritimus), Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha)breed and raise young during the summer monthshave a lot of fat in order to keep warm in the winterthe population oscillates as a result of the weather and migrationAlpine Tundra:animals adapt to the high altitudesome animals include: mountain goats (Oreamnos americanus), sheep (Ovis aries), marmots (marmota), grasshoppers (Caelifera)

The Cold Never Bothered Me Anyway!

Geography

-Tundra is referred to as landscapes with chilly, icy, and dry climate with little tree growth, but many mosses, lichen, and tall grases.There are three tundras: Arctic, Alpine, and Antarctic-*Most conditions are the same-. The main difference of these tundras is just their location!-Entire tundra covers ⅕ of the land surface on earth (3 million miles long!) -The ecotone (or ecological boundary region) between the tundra and the forest is known as the tree-line or timberline.-actual landscape is frozen for most of the year (soil can be frozen 9.8 in to 35.4 in deep)


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