The Third Estate

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by mhejl
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Social Studies
European history

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The Third Estate

The second claim of the Third Estate is that its deputies must be equal to number of those of the two privileged orders. Meaning, the Third Estate representatives should be equal to those of the higher classes (First and Second). If a citizen achieves the requirements of an elector for their Estate, and has the right to be represented, and must not be a small portion of another electors representation. Everyone loves to be represented, just as much as they are protected by the law, which they co-created. As we know about the population, the Third Estate takes up most of it and we do not know the exact amount of money, we just know that the Third Estate pays more than one half of the total. Therefore, there are less than 200,000 privileged individuals in the first two orders and about 25 or 26 million individuals. Now, lets talk about the law in France. Let’s remember that the privileged classes have many exceptions to the law. Also, that the Third Estate has none, and that such exceptions would be rare. Exceptions to the law should apply to the Third Estate as much as they apply to the first two. All in all, if the Third Estate were to speak up and demand for respect and rights, they would earn what they order for.

Louis XIV

The Third Estate - Chapter 3

A Battle In the French Revolution

Requests of the Third Estate


Maddie R, Grace V, Mateo P

The Third Estate wants to have their say in the government, to come from genuine, Third Estate members that have been elected from the Third Estate and not just noblemen that have been elected just so they can protect the other two estates interests. It also wants the elected representatives to interpret their interests to the other two estates. The Third Estate also wants to have all of the votes to be counted by heads and not by order. That basically means to have all of the people have their votes counted. They want that because they were counted by order at the time (That means that they only counted for one vote for the whole estate). The Third Estate also wants to rise to political power. The section also explains that some of the Third Estate members are starting to lose hope that they will get more rights and freedom. It also talks about how the other two Estates would start to feel threatened by the Third Estate coming into the Estates-General and taking over it because they have the bigger numbers compared to the others. Sieyes includes how a government cannot limit freedom and rights.

Up until now, the Third Estate has had no privileges whatsoever, and the first two Estates have declared the Third Estate’s claims for rights to be illegal. Therefore, the only way to get what they want, the Third Estate has to represent themselves in the States-General. Even though the Third Estate has a majority of the population and therefore gets more representatives in the States-General, they are overruled by the First and Estates votes. This is why the Third Estate believes that the State-General should vote by heads, not by orders. This means that every representative’s vote counts, not just one vote of majority for each estate. Since the Third Estate over numbers the first two estates by over 98%, the clergymen and nobles are afraid of peasants seeing that they are equal to them. Not only does the Third Estate have the numbers, but it can have the power too, if they are willing to do what it takes to get there.



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