The Spine

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by veronicamirandaglog
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Human Anatomy
Grade:
6

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The Spine

The Spine

Parts of the Spine * The vertibrae * The Spinal Segmants * The Spinal Cord

The Spinal Cord is a bundle nerves that runs down your back. The Spinal Cord is the nerve that carries signals from your brain to your body. It is protected by your vertebrae, which are the bone disks that make up your spine. If you have an accident that damages the vertebrae or other parts of the spine, this can also injure the spinal cord, in severe cases causing paralysis.

The Spinal Cord

The Spinal SegmantsThere are four Spinal Segmants, each has its own purpose. The four spinal segmants are: * Cervical Vertibrae/Nerves- Head, neck, deltiods, bicepcs, diaphram, hand, and wrist extenders. * Thoracic Vertibrae/Nerves- Chest muscels and abdominal muscels * Lumbar Vertibrae/Nerves- Leg muscels * Sacral Vertibrae/Nerves- Bowel, bladder, and sexual function

Spinal Diseases

Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a joint disease that mostly affects cartilage. In Osteoarthritis the top layer of cartilage breaks down and wears away. This allows the bones under the cartilage to rub together. Scoliosis: Scoliosis is a condition when the spine bends to the side abnormally; either to the right or left. The curvature can be moderate to severe. Any part of the spine can be bent in scoliosis; but the most common regions are the chest area (thoracic scoliosis) or the lower part of the back (lumbar scoliosis). Spinal Cord Injuries: A spinal cord injury usually begins with a sudden, traumatic blow to the spine that fractures or dislocates vertebrae. The damage begins at the moment of injury when displaced bone fragments, disc material, or ligaments bruise or tear into spinal cord tissue. In most cases the injury causes paralysis

By: Veronica Miranda

Vertebrae are the 33 individual bones that interlock with each other to form the spinal column. The vertebrae are numbered and divided into regions: cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacrum, and coccyx. Only the top 24 bones are moveable; the vertebrae of the sacrum and coccyx are fused. The vertebrae in each region have unique features that help them perform their main functions.

The Vertibrae

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Bibliography:http://www.mayfield clinic.com/PE-Anat Spine.htm#.VQLlchDF8YIhttp://www.medicalnews today.com/articles/ 190940.phpGoogle Images


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