The Spanish

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by alexthetank
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
European history

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The Spanish

The Spanish

War:The Spanish army was an advanced army with horses, armour, new weapons, and war dogs. The Spanish conquistadors used iron armour, much tougher than the Aztec's cotton armour, and they used steel swords leagues above the Aztec's weapons. They also used guns and cannons to obliterate the Aztec defense. The Aztecs had never seen horses before and they were stunned by them. Hernan Cortes said that losing a horse was worse than losing a soldier because horses are harder to get than men. The weapons that the horse riders had were lances and swords only. The foot soldiers had more weapons to fight with. The weapons that the soldiers had were the harquebus, sword, and crossbow; the foot soldiers were heavily armored.

Wealth:The main reason that the Spanish traveled to the New World was to get wealthy. Many of the Spanish conquistadors were men who did not have a great deal of status back at home. They came to the New World in hopes of making their fortunes. They hoped, for example, that they might be given encomiendas, which were estates that they could run using the natives as essentially their slave labor. By coming to the New World, men like Hernan Cortes hoped to become wealthy and important in the new colonies that they hoped to take. The success of the Spanish Conquistadors in acquiring monopolies on much of the Eastern spice trade and their expeditions to the New World brought great wealth and power to Spain. The new discoveries made by the Spanish Conquistadors brought untold riches in terms of gold and silver and spices and it also brought power and influence to Spain.

Religion:Spain, after 1492 was a Catholic country. Everyone living in Spain was officially a Catholic, since Spain had expelled the Jews and converted the Muslims living there. Technically, in 1492, there was no distinction between Catholic or Protestant, there was only Christian, but after 1517 and the beginning of the Protestant Reformation, Spain became the great defender of the Roman Catholic religion. When the Spanish traveled to the New World, their goal wasn't only to get wealthier, but also to convert peoplr there to Christianity who wasn't already a Christian. They brought priests from Spain to help accomplish this goal. Priests traveling alone or in small groups would ride out to distant Indian villages and preach the gospel for a few days. Language, as always, was a barrier, but usually the curious natives would listen politely to what the priests had to say. Then one local citizen who seemed most eager to become a Christian would be chosen and the priest would spend a day or two teaching him (being all men, priests usually dealt only with men) the entire Gospel, or at least enough to make him the local authority. When the teaching was done and the priest had taught the Indian who Jesus was and how to perform baptism, the priest would move on to the next village, counting the one he had left as "converted," and it would be up to the lucky local to teach all the other people living in the area about their new religion.


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