The South

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by AnthonyMasters
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
8

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The South

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Textile MillsIn the 1800's not many textile milles exsisted in the South, but by the 1920's they had eclipsed New England in terms of yarn and cloth production. Many more textile mills were built up and in business throughout the foothills of the Appalachian mountains, an area called the Southern Piedmont, which stretches from Virginia to Alabama.

How geography affected tradeIn the south it was often humid and sunny, they had great weather to help them grow crops. They usually grew cotton, rice, sugar, and tabacco. Slaves did most of the work on the plantations, and shipped it off to other parts of the country for trade or money.

The SouthBy: Anthony Masters #16

Cotton Boom Although cotton wasnt't one of the cash crops in the South it was very important and production was slow do to the long process. When cotton was seperated the slaves were to extract the seeds from the cotton bolls, which is what they had trouble with. Eli Whitney noticed their struggle and invented a cotton gin. Production sky rocketed after his creation and cotton became their #1 cash crop. More people wanted cotton because it grew so much faster and was produces so quickly so more textile mills were bulit all over England and the North.

The Tredegar Iron WorksThe Tredegar Iron Works was an important factor in the South's sucess. It was located in Richmond, the capital of the U.S. state of Virginia. It opened in 1837, by 1860 it was the third-largest iron manufacturer in the United States. During the Civil War, the works served as the primary iron and artillery production facility of the Confederate States of America. The iron works avoided destruction during the Evacuation Fire of 1865, and continued production through the middle of the 20th century.

TransportationThe revoltuion of transportation has affected trade in the south drastically, as people went from turnpikes to steamboats, because more storage avaliable and it was faster. Then as people went on to railroads from steamboats transportation became even better with much faster speeds. In 1807, Robert Fulton and Robert Livingston created the first steamboat on the Hudson river, known as Clermont. More and more people then began to use steamboats because they were so much more convenient.

The 24% unemployment reached at the depths of the Great Depression was no picnic.- Barry Eichengreen

For more information visit:http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/westwardexpansion/section5.rhtml


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