The South 1820 - 1860

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by Sprinkles10
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
American History

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The South 1820 - 1860

The South 1820-1860

During this era, no statewide public school systems existed. People who could afford to do so sent their children to private schools. Some of the larger cities established public schools. By the mid-1800s, however, education was growing. North Carolina and Kentucky set up and ran public schools. The South was behind other sections of the country in literacy. One reason for this situation was the South's geography.The South had few people per square mile. Many families could not sendd their children great distances to attend school. In addition, many Southerners believed that education was a private matter, not a state funtion.

Cities located at the crossroads of the railways also began to grow. Among them were Chattanooga, Montgomery, and Atlanta. Whites, enslaved workers, and many free AfricanAmericans lived in cities. In the cities, free African AMericans had the oppertunity to form thier own communities. They practiced trades and founded churches and institutions. Free African Amercans' lives were not secure. Their rights were limited. Most states would not allow them to move from state to state. Free African Americans were denied an equal share in economic and potical life.

The South was primarily agriculural. it had several large cities by the mid-1800s, however, including Baltimore and New Orleans. The ten largest cities in the South were either seaports or river ports.

A slave family during the mid-1800s outside their shelter.

Seaports in the south were used to import and export goods.


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