The Second continental congress

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The Second continental congress

The Olive Branch Petition's rejection by the British government ended the chance of peaceful resolution once and for all.

Description of EventBy May of 1775, when the Second Continental Congress met, the Revolutionary War had broken out. It was quickly decided that the rebellious colonists needed a standing army. On June 14, Congress voted to create the Continental Army, a more organized form of the colonial militias which had up to this point been fighting the war. George Washington was appointed the commander of this army. On July 6, the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms, which explained the unfair British policies that led to the growing militarization of the colonies, was written. Congress made their final attempt to end the war on July 8, when they sent the Olive Branch Petition to Britain. However, the British were not trusting of this call for peace and rejected it, making a peaceful resolution to the conflict all but impossible.

The Second Continental Congress1775

ImpactWith a war now inevitable, the Second Continental Congress became the government of the rebellious colonies. By the summer of 1776, Congress had decided that it was necessary for the colonies to become independent from Britain. A document was drafted by Thomas Jefferson and independence was declared on July 4, 1776. The Second Continental Congress would continue to serve as the American government until March 1, 1781, when the Articles of Confederation were signed and the Continental Congress became the Congress of the Confederation.

George Washington, a delegate from Virginia, was made the commander of the Continental Army

Background InfoThe First Continental Congress, a group of representatives from twelve of the thirteen British colonies(only Georgia did not attend), met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1774 with the intention of formally protesting the Coercive Acts. To accomplish this, a petition was sent to King George III and boycotts were placed on imported British goods. It was decided that if no action was taken by the British government, a second Continental Congress would be held in 1775


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