The Russian Revolution

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by ethang2017
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
European history
Grade:
7

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The Russian Revolution

The Russian Revolution

Nicholas II became tsar of Russia in 1894. He was the last tsar, and he wasn't a very good one either. He forced workers into grueling conditions, and paid low wages. Later during his reign, at the end of the 19th century, workers peacefully protested in St. Petersburg, Russia, and police opened fire, killing 100. Riots flared up across Russia, from military mutinies and strikes in numerous cities. Meanwhile, Russia was engaged in a war with Japan over control of Manchuria and trade with Korea. Despite the many efforts, Russian forces were unable to successfully attack Japan or defend their base in Manchuria, ending in an agreement to give up Manchuria and Sakhalin Island.

Revolution of 1905 (1)

Economic Strains of WWI (2)

Soon Nicholas II draws Russia into WWI, and sets up a headquarters in the war front. He leaves his wife, Alexandra, to rule the country during his absence, but she is only influenced by a mystic peasant named Rasputin. The war influenced the economy poorly, resulting in food shortages, inflation, and claimed the lives of over 5 million Russian soldiers. Along with the defeat in the Russo-Japanese War, Russia also fared poorly in the war, leading to many embarrassing defeats. These events further proved the weakness of the tsarist regime.

The March Revolution (3)

The past events are the last straw for the citizens of Russia. A congregation of women gather at Petrograd, and call for "Bread and Peace." However, this seemingly peaceful demonstration soon takes a turn to the violent side when mobs of male workers flood the streets, calling for the war, and even the tsarist regime to end. Soon, the tsar was forced to abdicate his throne and was eventually executed.

The Bolshevik Revolution (4)

With the tsarist regime now terminated, a group of revolutionists called the Bolsheviks, who opposed the war, arrived in Russia. In November of 1917, the Bolsheviks stormed the Winter Palace and took over the government offices. Surprisingly, no shots were fired. Once the revolutionists took over the provisional government in place at the time, the first goal Lenin, the leader of the Bolsheviks, had was to end Russia's involvment in the war. The loss in the war was costly, but Lenin was determined to end it, in order for him to be able to spread his ideas freely.

Civil War (5)

Although the foreign enemies of the Bolsheviks had no way to opress them now, a new problem arose: enemies inside Russia. As a result, civil war arose in Russia. The Red Army, comprised of the Bolsheviks, opposed the White Army, made up of the still-captialist Russians. This raging war proved to be far more deadly than WWI, resulting in the death of over 15 million Russians. The Red Army managed to defeat the White Army using sheer size, and this proved that they were able to take control over all power in Russia and maintain it.

Creation of the USSR (6)

In order for Lenin to maintain unity within the country, he created a government that would self-govern under one main government. Lenin called this system the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or USSR. The Bolshevik party was then renamed the Communist Party, spreading the ideas of Karl Marx. Soon a constitution of socialist and democratic ideas was created. However, Lenin would not live to see the success of the USSR. However, his successor, Joseph Stalin, would take control of the public with his opressive policies.

By Ethan Goroza 723


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