The Revolutionary War

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by Stevansher
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Social Studies

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The Revolutionary War

The Revolutionary War

The French and Indian War was a seven-year war between England and the American colonies, against the French and some of the Indians in North America. When the war ended, France was no longer in control of Canada. The Indians that had been threatening the American colonists were defeated. This war had become a world war. Great Britain spent a great deal of money fighting the war and colonists fully participated in this war. After the war, Great Britain began to tax colonists to raise money, and the colonists began to question whether they wanted to remain a colony of England. Click here to learn more...

The Treaty of Paris of 1783 ended the war between Great Britain and the 13 Colonies in North America. It declared the colonies an independent nation called the United States of America. It was signed by Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay from the Colonies and David Hartley representing the King of England.

The Treaty of Paris

The colonists decided that they wanted the freedom to govern themselves and to make their own decisions. A Declaration of Independence was needed. Thomas Jefferson wrote the document and declared that governments were created to serve the people, and could only act with consent of the people. The document created the democratic government.

On March 5, 1770, a crowd of sixty towns people surrounded British sentries guarding the customs house. They began pelting snowballs at the guards. Suddenly, a shot rang out, followed by several others. Ultimately, 11 colonists were hit. Five were dead, including Crispus Attucks, a former slave. At a subsequent trial, John Adams acted as defense attorney for the British soldiers. All but two were acquitted. The two were found guilty of manslaughter and had their hands branded. News of this attack was spread throughout the colonies. The incident became known as the "Boston Massacre".

Play the Boston Massacre Game

Click for the Declaration of Indepen-dence


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