[2015] Katlyn Olson: The Punic Wars

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by klimeks
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
Ancient History

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[2015] Katlyn Olson: The Punic Wars

The Punic Wars

The First Punic War

*Hannibal's army included about 90,000 infantry; 20,000 calvary and tons of elephants*He won a bunch of wars against Roman troops*Roman's rebounded, and Hannibal soon had to abandon the war

*Rome kept winning wars - took over Corsia & Sardinia*At a young age, Hannibal had to do a blood oath against Rome*Hannibal took over

The Second Punic War

The Third Punic War

*The end of the Carthage's empire was due to Hannibal's losses during the Second Punic War*Carthage also ended up having to pay a significant amount of money to Rome in silver

*Phoenician settlers founded the city-state of Carthage*Carthage-wealthiest & most advanced city in the area*Carthage-had the leading naval power

*264 BC-Rome decided to attack Sicily*Carthage supported Syracuse & Rome supported Messina

*Rome wond the first sea war at Mylae in 260 BC, and a huge victory in the Battle of Ecnomus in 256 BCAt the end of the First Punic War - Sicily was now Rome's first overseas province

*Carthaginian's surrendered after about a week (7 days)*The surviving 50,000 Carthage citizens were sold as slaves

* Romans ended up sending an army to North Africa-beginning of the Third Punic War* Scipio Aemilianus - commander of the Roman army, started a forceful attack on Carthage's harbor

* In 149 BC - Carthage pretty much broke its treaty with Rome by iniciating war against the neighboring state of Numidia


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