The principles of neurodiversity and how to they apply for dyslexia

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by snaitbh
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology

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The principles of neurodiversity and how to they apply for dyslexia

Challenges: Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that alters the way the brain processes written material. Due to a different way of processing the sounds of words and their graphic symbols, people with Dyslexia have problems with reading comprehension, word recognition, spelling and decoding.

What is like to be dyslexic?

Thomas Armstrong, PhD:The notion of Neurodiversity:An idea which asserts that atypical(neurodivergent) neurological development is a normal human difference that is to be recognized and respected as any other human variation"."Exploration of what have thus far been concidered mental disordersof neurological origin but that may instead represent alternative forms of natural human differences"

Strength: If students has challenges in learning we need to look what their strenghs are and focus in them.*Most people with dyslexia score at an average or above average range on standardized tests.*Dyslexia is not considered to be due to a motivational or emotional issues.*Due to their strong visual spatial abilities dyslexic people are considered to be better in sport, they have highly developed art skills. *Dyslexic learners are better three dimensional thinkers.

The dyslexic brain, some important facts:

Therefore

and not a brain function deficite

The principles of Neurodiversity and how they apply for dyslexia:1.The brain is working more as an eco system then a machine, therefore it can transform and response well to activate different parts in order to compensate on low activity in parts that are responsible for readinfg and writing skills.2. Success is being valued by cultural values in the community we live in. In global western society and especially in a Jewish context (the people of the book), the ability to be well literate is significant. 3. constructing a positive niech, making the right choices when choosing a carrer options and a life style can turn the dyslexic challenge into a benefit: In ocupations that requires spatial skills or graphical and artistic skills, chances are that dyslexic people will be very successful.4. Adaptative approach to the environment around them, the dyslexic learner will participate in reading remidiation programs.5. Changing the environment, as part of the accepting who they are, not only changes the structure of the brain(as we saw in Armstrong's webinar) but also creates positive nieches to experience success.

Board 1

Neurodiversity in the classroom:Honoring the variety of human wiring. As we appreciate bio-diversity in animals and plants and cultural diversity in human society, why don't we do so with students who are wired differently and learn in different ways?

*Dyslexic brain shows less brain activity on the left side of the brain, while reading. This side of the brain is responsible for differentiating phonemes, connecting a visual letter symbol to its sound, and combining sounds into words.*Dyslexic learners use more of the right hemisphere of the brain, which is responsible for whole word forms, visual configurations, emotional nuances, holistic perception, "out of the box"thinking, and visual-spatial skills.

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