The Peace

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by SorianoJWWHS
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Social Studies
World War I

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The Peace

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The Paris Peace ConferenceIn 1919 the victorious allied nations met in Versailles to arrange peace terms, The Paris Peace Conference. The big four, President Woodrow Wilson, David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau, and Vittorio Orlando were dominant in the meeting. Problems began to happen once countries were not included from the peace process. Right after Wilson said they would write a treaty fair to all. After World War I, republicans were replaced in Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. Ethnic groups pressed for independence, self-government, and unified states. Nationalism also grew in colonies overseas. Victorious nations had many conflicting territorial demands. The destruction of the war brought up questions about reparations. Many allies wanted Germany to pay. League of Nations was made to set up a plan to maintain peace. By:Jasmin Soriano

Defeat of the Centarl Powers The Treaty of Brest Litovsk allowed Germans to pull troops from the eastern front, which allowed them to concentrate on the western front for offensive. Germans reached the Marne River in May. French marshal Ferdinand Foch stopped the Germans at Chateau-Thierry and counterattacked. This forced the germans back to their border. Blugaria surrendered, Turks asked for peace, and the old Habsburg empire in Austria-Hungary had broken up and formed their own governments. President Wilson said he would only deal with the government that would grow German military and have civilian unrest, soon the kaiser gave up the throne and the Germans had a republic. Germans signed an armistice in November 1918, Germany canceled the Brest Litovsk treaty with Russia, and gave up large part of its fleet. The cost of World War I was very high. Naval blockades, military encounters, famine, and disease had all taken their toll. Thousands of soldiers were found dead and wounded. The war was estimated to cost more than 300 million dollars. By: Jasmin Soriano

The Fourteen PointsPresident Woodrow Wilson's thought by joining the war, America was helping to safeguard democracy and established an idealistic purpose for World War I. Russia made a seperate peace with the Central Powers, this dampened Allied morale. On January 1918 President Wilson told congress his plan known as the Fourteen Points. Six of the points from the Fourteen Points were about general nature. The other eight points were about specific countires and regions, such as Russia, Belgium, Alsace, Lorraine and the Balkans. The Fourteen Points satisfied people everywhere. Even people in Germany that were tired of war, they were impresed by his ideas.By: Jasmin Soriano

What Kind of Peace?Two different viewpoints arose in the Paris Peace Conference. Wilson believed that peace settlement should be fair and should not kindle furture wars. Although, Allies belived Germany should pay for the war they started. The British, French, and Italian goverment hadn't gaven up the aim to divide territory taken from central powers among themselves. Allies belived that preventing Germany from having power would ensure peace. France wanted a guarantee that Germany would never be able to harm their security. George Clemenceau believed they were being naive in trusting Germany. Geoge thought that if they broke up Germany and had allies occupy their region, France would be secured and Germany would lay on the hands of The Paris Peace Conference. By: Jasmin Soriano


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