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The Nitrogen Family

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by Yurinoonajen
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Chemistry
Grade:
8

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The Nitrogen Family

The NITROGEN Family

Nitrogen

Arsenic

Bismuth

Antimony

Arsenic is an element that has several uses. It can be used as a poison, a medicine, pyrotechnics, and bronzing.

Phosphorus

Phosphorus is used on the strike side of matchboxes that is rubbed to make a flame. It is also used in flares and the production of steels and fertilizers.

Nitrogen is the most abundant gas on Earth. It is used in food storage and to help cure decompression sickness.

Antimony is mainly used in making battery alloys. It is also used in small amounts to make paints, machine lubercants, and fireworks.

Even though the elements of Group 15 are grouped together and each as 5 valence electrons, they are each very unique with different properties. Nitrogen is usually found as a colorless gas while phosphorus is usually a white solid. Arsenic is usually a yellow solid, antimony is usually a yellow metallic solid and bismuth is pinkish white metallic solid.

Bismuth is used in fire detectors and extinguishers

Nitrogen is bad for our health. It can cause Vitamin A defficiencies and can cause cancers. Phosphorus is necessary for bone and cell health. Arsenic and Antimony are harmful poisons that can be fatal to ingest. Bismuth is an element that is commonly used in jewlery and fashion products.


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