The New Kingdom

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by B66096
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History

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The New Kingdom

Ancient Culture

King Tut or known as King Tutankhaten, meaning “The living image of Amun” had become the pharaoh at such a young age his mother took over until he reached of age to rule Egypt. When King Tut had become pharaoh at such a young age he got the name “boy king”. His mother was Nefertiti and his father Akhenaten who had died of old age after he had given up being his position of being pharaoh. Once his father Akhenaten had died he had taken the position of being pharaoh but soon after died of the age of 19. Because King Tut’s tomb was found and still intact after all these years we know how the Egyptians had buried the mummies. Even though the historians don’t know how King Tut died he had helped us learn about their culture.

Queen Hatshepsut was the ruler of ancient Egypt. She dressed like a man and called herself King because many people during this time did not think a woman could rule. While she was the “king” she increased trade in Egypt. The trades routes extended to Punt, Asia Minor, and Greece. When these trade routes expanded, other cultures traded wood, jewelry, and gold. The Egyptians used the wood to built houses, other structures, and burned it for warmth. During her reign many temples were built for the gods and in her honor.

King Tut

Queen Hatsheput

Mummification

Temples

Artifacts

Temples in Egypt were built for worshipping gods or honoring pharoahs. One kind of temple is called a Cult temple which meant the “mansions of gods” which is used to worship many gods that they believed in. Another temple that the Egyptians had built was named the mortuary temple or better known as the “mansions of millions” where they would worship the pharaohs who had once ruled Egypt. But some of the temples were built for the pharaohs who were ruling at the time.

Mummification in Egypt was an important belief. It was an important belief because it showed us what they believed in and what they did to mummify them step by step. The first step was to get a stick and a hook and then pull the brain out. Then the second step is to cut the stomach then pull all the organs out. The third step is to put all the organs in jars. Fourth step is to let the organs dry. Fifth step is to put the heart back into the body. Sixth step wash the out with wine and other kinds of spices. Seventh step put natron (salt) on the body. Eighth step after 40 days stuff the body with linen. Ninth step Wrap the body from head to toe in cloth. Tenth step put the body in a sarcophagus.

Egyptians believed in that the afterlife was a happy place where everyone went to and everyone was healthy. They had also believed that in the afterlife that you need your body. So for the pharaohs or the elite they took out their organs and put them in jars except for the heart so they can preserve the body. The Egyptians would do that because they thought your spirit or as the Egyptians would call it their ka needed its body. Then once they took out the organs they put them in a tomb where the family would put toys and food to entertain them. But if the poor weren’t able to afford being mummified they would be buried in the sand where it was hot and the body would be preserved.

The Afterlife

In Egypt many artifacts were found. Most of them were found in the Valley of Kings which is a burial site where many of the pharaohs or royal families were buried. One important artifact that was found was called the Rosetta stone. It was an important artifact because it had three scripts. The first script was hieroglyphics which was a form of writing the Egyptians had used for religious reasons, the second script was another form of Egyptian writing that they had used, and then the third script was ancient Greek writing which had helped us understand how to read the hieroglyphics and that other Egyptian writing

Religion in Egypt meant that the Egyptians believed in many gods. They had worshipped many gods which was called polytheism and they even built temples for them .The Egyptians had a god for everything like a god for the sun and a god for water. Because of them having a god for everything if something went wrong like the crops wouldn’t grow then the gods or the pharaoh would be blamed for it.

Religion

There are many gods and goddesses that the Egyptians believe in. But there are gods that are worshipped more than the others like Aten the sun god who was worshipped more than most of the other gods. Another god was Osiris the death god that dressed in white with a crook and a frail. Even though gods were worshipped more than the others there are many gods goddesses.

Gods


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