The new Granada revolution

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by ryleyzbates
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
European history

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The new Granada revolution

Simon Bolivar was born on July 24, 1783, in Caracas, New Granada. Bolivar was born into a properous family that gained their wealth from gold and copper mines that they owned. In 1799, following his parents death, Bolivar moved to Spain where he met his soon to be wife, Maria Alaysa.After Maria's death in 1803, Bolivar kept company with Napoleon. After Napoleon named Joseph Bonaparte king of Spain and its colonies, Bolivar joined the resistance movement. Bolivar then moved back to Venezuala where he led the revolution in New Granada. His goal was to liberate New Granada from Spanish rule. Bolivar's succession in freeing other regions in the viceroyalty earned him the name "The Liberator."In 1819, Bolivar led his diverse army to present-day Columbia where he launced a suprise attack on the Spanish force. Then, in May 1822, Bolivar brought independence to New Granada. In April 1825, Bolivar liberated Upper Peru from Spanish rule. In turn the nation of Peru renamed itself Bolivia in honor of their liberator.On December 17, 1830, Bolivar was killed in Santa Marta, Columbia, in a battle that may have been tuberculosis.

Goals of the New Granada Revolution:

The Spanish leaders created reforms that took the right to rule their own lands away from Creoles.The Spanish government also increased taxes and established stricter control on colonial government.The Bourbon Reforms were created, in which the Spanish rule limited colonists ability to grow crops and increased imports during trade.Under the Spanish rule, the economies of the viceroyal colonies were failing.

The goals of the New Granada Revolution were to reverse the reforms issued to South American colonies (viceroyalties), gain political freedom from the Spanish, self-government, and also to gain independence and freedom in general. The New Granada Revolution was also meant to help free other states held under the control of Spain, and to further eliminate the threat of the Spainish rule in the viceroyalty colonies.

Outcome of the New Granada Revolution:

In the spring of 1819, Bolivar led his diverse army (consisting of Creoles, British and Irish troops, and mulattos) acroos the Andes to present-day Columbia. There Bolivar and his army launched a suprise attack on the Spanish force, this being the first of many victories for Bolivar's army. By May 1822, Bolivar brought victory and independence from Spanish rule to New Granada.

Citations

"Simon Bolivar." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2015."Revolt of the Comuneros (New Granada)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2015."Subscription." Subscription. TCI, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2015."Simon Bolivar." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2015.

Simon Bolívar

Simon Bolivar & South African Revolutions

The New Granada RevolutionBy: Ryley Bates & Nijah Robbs

Grievances:

Timeline:1819- Bolivar and his army launched an attack on Spanish forces.May 1822- New Granada gained independence.April 1825- Peru gained independence with the guidance of Bolivar.1825- Simon Bolivar was elected president of Peru.

Bolivar's Legacy:Today, Bolívar's legacy can be seen in the multitude of statues and plaza squares bearing his likeness throughout South and North America. Multiple cities and towns around the United States were named in his honor and statues and roads that share his name can be found in a variety of international sites.

Chant


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