The Middle East: Physical Geography

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The Middle East: Physical Geography

The Rivers

The Euphrates river runs through Turkey, Iraq, and Kuwait, and Syria. The Tigres runs through Turkey, Iraq, and Kuwait. The Jordan River runs through Syria, Jordan, Gaza Strip, Israel, and West Bank. These rivers are bounderies for countries, as well as transportation routes and sources of drinking water. Major cities are located near or on these rivers, because they are centers of industry.

Tigres River

Euphrates river

The Middle East:Physical Geography

Jordan River

The PersianGulf

Persian Gulf

The Persian Gulf is located between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. It is a trade route to the Indian Ocean, but it is so important because it is a large source of oil for the Middle East.


The Suez Canal is a man-made trade route from The Mediterranean Sea to The Red Sea. It is located in Egypt.

Suez Canal

Dead Sea

The Dead Sea is located at the end of The Jordan. It is very salty beause less and less water is reaching it from this river.

The Rub al-Khali

The Suez Canal

Oil Fields

TheDead Sea

Bedouins in the Rub al-Khali still follow old traditions and ways of life. They live in tents, and raise livestock.

Desalination plants in Saudi Arabia produce over 70% of the water used in their cities. Saudi Arabia produces the most desalinated water in the world.

Rub al-Khali

Desalination Plant

Oil fields are peices of land used for extracting crude oil from the earth. The Ghawar Field in Saudi Arabia is by far the largest oil field ever discovered.

Oil Fields

The Rub al-Khali is located in the southern Arabian Penninsula. It is the largest area of sand in the world. In 1948, the world’s largest oilfield, Al-Ghawār, was discovered here.

Bedouins in the Rub al-Khali




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