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[2015] Ruby Suman: The Maryland Colony

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by MVHistorian
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
8

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[2015] Ruby Suman: The Maryland Colony

The Maryland Colony

Lord Baltimore

Native Americans

The Tolerartion Act

The toleration act was a law guaranteeing religious freedom which outlawed catholicism. The law was made by

Cecilius Calvert who was the leader of Maryland. He wanted to make sure Protestants and Catholics didn't fight and were treated fairly under the new government.

Maryland's Successes

Plantations were a huge success of Maryland and grew many crops such as cotton, tobacco, corn, rice, sugar, and more. Tobacco was a very profitable crop in which the colonists obtained from the Native Americans. The Chesapeake Bay in Maryland was very convenient for transportation and exporting goods back to England for money.

About the Colony!

Sugar plantation

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George Calvert(Lord Baltimore)1579-1632

Native Americans of Maryland were the Algonquins, who lived along the rivers and estuaries of Maryland, and the Susquehannock(Iroquoi descendents) who lived north of the Algonquins. They helped the colonists by teaching them how to grow crops and hunt. The Native Americans grew tobacco which they used as medicine and to smoke during rituals. Deer and other game were hunted. Meat was used for food, the skin for clothing, and bones for tools. Other crops were plants like corn, beans, squash and more.

George Calvert, known as Lord Baltimore, was granted a charter in 1632, planning to settle in America. He wanted a safe place for the Catholics to practice their religion freely. Before he was able to establish a colony, Calvert died, leaving his son, Cecilius Calvert(or second Lord Baltimore) to take on his responsibilities. Calvert led 140 colonists out of England and soon found land in 1634 on what is now known as Maryland. Cecilius Calvert was voted later as the governor of the Colony.

Cecilius Calvert(2nd Lord Baltimore)1605-1675

Maryland's Ships

By: Ruby


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