The Ku Klux Klan (KKK)

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by magruder035
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
African-American History

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The Ku Klux Klan (KKK)

The Ku Klux Klan(KKK)

What it is today?Despite its age and fragmentation, the Ku Klux Klan’s presence in the United States is still strong. Though smaller than in the Klan’s heyday in the 1920s, or its resurgence in the 1950s and 1960s, the Klan continues to be the most common type of hate group. (Moore n.p.)

Who was in it? Men that are all college educated. William J. Simmons was the creator of the second Klan. Samuel Bowers, an Imperial Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan. Bobby Frank Cherry, Thomas Blanton, and Robert Chambliss all members that exploded a church. 40,000 ministers. Up to 6 thousand members. All christian.

What did they wear?While the members of the original Klan wore a variety of costumes, often in colors other than white, members of the new Klan tended to wear the familiar white robe with pointed top.(Stentiford n.p.)

PHILOSOPHY AND TACTICS•The Ku Klux Klan, also known as the KKK or the Klan, is one of the oldest and best-known hate groups in America. While the Ku Klux Klan has a lengthy history of bigotry, violence, and racism, the group's focus and tactics have proven remarkably malleable. The Klan has targeted groups that are easily painted as a threat to working-class Americans. The tactics used by the first Klan were typically harassment, intimidation, and physical violence. Among the most violent acts was the practice of lynching. Lynching, in its broadest sense, refers to any punishment administered outside the formal justice system. (Ku n.p)Dani Fuentes

WHAT DID THEY DO?lynchers often raided African-Americans' homes at night. In some cases, the attackers removed firearms, while in others they whipped or murdered the residents. Lynching was intended to intimidate African-Americans and prevent freed slaves from voting or owning weapons. The arrival of a new technique, the placement of a burning cross on property in order to terrorize the owner. Along with the burning cross, the reorganized Klan also employed violence similar to that used in the group's first incarnation. (Ku n.p) Dani Fuentes

Pamphlets Distributing pamphlets, even with offensive messages, is protected by the 1st Amendment, and when the Klan took its case to a federal judge, the American Civil Liberties Union assisted with the case, as it sometimes does with cases involving the 1st Amendment. (Pearce n.p.) The klans stood on the side of the road giving out pamplets to the drivers. The pamphlets had things like white race" and "violent black and white crime," and call for neighborhood watches, obtaining firearms and defending "white Christian culture [and] the future of our nation. if caught handing out pamphlets punishment included a fine up to $500 and up to 90 days in prison.Dani Fuentes

What do people think about it today?38% of the people think the KKK did something good, while 62% of the people find the KKK disgusting. The 38% of people say, "the first generation of kkk that came to existance in the middle of the 19th century was not about racism but about vigilante justice, they were after both white and black people who were considered bad to society." The 62% say, They were horrible! Even for maybe the one good thing these people did, they killed for their cause that wasn't justified in any way! Christian? All men are created equal? NOPE!!! I somehow wish I could correct what we did, and I'm so sorry to any African-American, Jewish family, or living being that got harmed by these people" (Did n.p.)

How did it start?The KKK was originally discovered by six Confederate soldiers as a thrill-seeking organization. They looked to be dressed as ghosts, they draped themselves and their horses in sheets when they played pranks on friends and family. An unfortunate by-product of their amusement was creation of a racist movement with deadly consequences. Nathan Bedford Forrest, a former slave owner and officer in the Confederate army, gained control of the budding organization to mobilize white males, who felt powerless under the Reconstruction, to intimidate black voters and terrorize black communities. (Brown n.p.)


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