The Judicial System

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by ketsiak
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
American History

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The Judicial System

The Justice System

Levels of the federal court system.

1. The Supreme Court

3. The District Courts

2. Courts of Appeal

The Supreme Court is the highest court in the federal system. They review the cases of the lower court cases. The Supreme Court is the final judge in all cases involving laws of Congress. It is like a referee on a football field. The Congress, the President, the state police, and other government officials are the players.

The Courts of Appeal is the intermediate level of the federal court system. They review the decisions of the lower district courts, also called appellate juridiction. They do not decide guilty or innocence, but rule only on wether the original trial was fair and protected the person's rights. Most appeals courts decisions are final. One appealate judge writes an opinion that explains thinking behind the court's decision in the case. The court sets a percendent.

The lowest level of the federal system. District courts are the federal courts where the trials are held & lawsuits are begun. For all federal cases, each district courts have original juridiction, the authority to hear the case for the first time. District courts hear both civil and criminal cases. They are the only ones that involve witnesses and juries.

Types of Jurisdiction

Original JurisdictionThe authority to hear a case for the first time.

Subject Matter Jurisidictoncategory of items over which this kind of legal authority is being exercised.

Appelate JurisdicitonThe authority to hear a case appealed from the lower court.

Concurrent Jurisdictiona single legal matter to come under the legal heading of more than one judicial decision-making body.

Diversity Jurisdictiona single court to hear cases involving participants who do not normally come under the territorial or personal jurisdiction of that particular court.

Personal Jursidictonone basic form of legal authority which can be possessed by a judicial decision-making body.

Exclusive Jurisdictionauthority over some matter of the law can be claimed by more than one judicial decision-making body.


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