The Industrial Revolution

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by 16vanderwoudem
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World History
Grade:
8

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The Industrial Revolution

Francis Cabot LowellFrancis Cabot Lowell brought together spinning and weaving into one building.

The Industrial Revolution

Samuel SlaterSamuel Slater was a young apprentice from Britain who immigrated to the United States with secrets of Arkwright’s machines. He did this because he knew that these ideas would be worth a lot in the United States.

ImmigrantsMillions of immigrants came to the US because, they heard of the opportunities to buy cheap land, they believed their skills would serve them well in the US and others had little choice because they couldn’t survive at home. Hundreds of thousands of Irish immigrants came to the US and the men found work in laying railroad track and the women were usually employed as household workers. Also many Germans came to the US because they had taken part in revolutions against harsh rulers. However, they failed and fled to the US. Some people worried about the growing number of immigrants because they wanted to preserve the country for white, American born protestants.

FactoriesFactories usually had little fresh air and the machines weren't that safe. And if someone got hurt, they would be left on their own and they would only have their family to depend on. Workers usually worker 12 to 14 hours. Later on this was shortened to 8 hours.

TelegraphThe telgraph was a device created by Samuel Morse that used electrical signals to send messages. The telgraph helped factories communicate with farms that were located on the other side of the country.

RailroadsIn 1830, Peter Cooper built the first American-made steam locomotive. By 1840, 3,000 miles of track had been built.

Advances in AgricultureCyrus McCormick invented the reaper. The reaper was a machine that could cut stalks much faster than any human. After that the Thresher was invented. The thresher seperated grains from the wheat stalks. And finally, the combine was invented. The combine was the combination of the reaper and the thresher. Because of this, farm laborers were replaced by machines and workers weny to the cities to work in shops and factories.

The SteamboatIn 1807, Robert Fulton created the first practical steamboat called the "Clermont".

Richard ArkwrightArkwright created the water frame. The water frame was a spinning machine that was powered by running water. This sped up the weaving process and factories were built on river banks.


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