The Industrial Revolution

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by EVanica
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
European history
Grade:
7

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The Industrial Revolution

The Industrial RevolutionTopic #2: Conditions of Labor

What was life like in the factories

Why Labor Day was created

By Edi Vanica

How old the children were

Bibliography"Everyday Life in the Industrial Revolution." Everyday Life in the Industrial Revolution. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014."Working Conditions." Working Conditions. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014."Labor Day." History.com. A'E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 27 Dec. 2014. ."Child Labor." History.com. A'E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 27 Dec. 2014. .http://www.history.com/topics/holidays/labor-day

What were the kinds of jobs/duties children did

Life in the facories was in a word, tough, during the Industrial Revolution. There were many different factories for many different industries, such as the garment industry (clothes and fabrics) and the coal mining industry. Many of these early factories were small, poorly lit, poorly ventilated, and at risk of a fire. In fact, there was a famous fire known as the Triangle Shirt Factory Fire that ended up killing 114 workers in that factory because of some burning fabric. Many workers in these factories (which included children) had to work late hours, even through the night. The food conditions weren't any better, either. There was little time to eat in the factories, and the quality of the food was pretty horrendous. Common foods included gruel, Porridge, potatoes, and beer. That pretty much sums up how life was like in most of these early facotories during the Industrial Revolution.

Children working in the Industrial Revolution worked in many different domains and facories. They were mainly used for simple, easy jobs that were tedious and dangerous. Children were use a lot in mining and the textile industries becasue these were jobs that were simple and needed people who were smaller and more obedient. Child labor was really so popular in mass production of things because they could be payed low wages, they were easy to manage, they were obedient, and they could be given low wages. In other words, jobs that needed lots of simple but tedious work (ex. mining, agriculture, clothes-making, etc.) were worked by children. To sum up, adults were mostly the leaders, CEO's, and presidents of the major comapnies and industries, while the kids did the lower class toil that most adults didn't want to do.

Even though many many disagreed with the idea of child labor, child labor was very common in the Industrial Revolution. Children of all ages were involved in this, but it was mostly immigrants and children between the ages of nine and twelve that were toiling in many differnent kinds of dangerous factories. In fact, even kids that were five and six years old worked in factories, and many teenagers did work too. Child labor was so common in the late 1800's that about 25% of all employess in cotton mills in the south were under the age of 15. However, just like anything, child labor had to come to an end, and it did. Sort of. In the early 1900's, many laws were passed resricting child labor, and many jobs that were being fulfilled by children were being done by machines (ex. sewing). Despite this, many children in thrid world countries today still work in factories, mills, and mines just like they once did.

Labor day is a very popular American holiday on the first Monday in September that was first celebrated as a federal holiday in 1894. It pays tribute to the contributions and acheivments of American workers. This holiday was created as an annual celebration of workers and their acheivments in the Industrial Revolution. In fact, Labor Day also marks the end of the summer for many Americans, and it is calebrated with parties, parades, and athletic events. Labor day actually originated in the Industrial Revolution (late 1800's), when child labor was common and factory workers were working up to 12 hours a day and seven days a week. Also, kids as little as five years old were toiling in mills, mines, and factories across the country. As time passed, working conditions got better thanks to workers' strikes and protests, and people started unoficially celebrating all of this in a "workingman's" holiday. Soon enough, in 1894, Labor Day became a federal holiday, and people across the country were celebrating about themselves and the workers across the country who have worked so hard to get us where we are today. That's how Labor Day was created.


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