The Independence of India

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by prakharjain
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World History

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The Independence of India

The End of the Indian Independence Struggle

The Revolt of 1857As the Indian rebellion of 1857 spread most rebelling Indian kings and the Indian regiments accepted Bahadur Shah Zafar as the Emperor of India under whom the smaller Indian kingdoms would unite until the British were defeated. Zafar was the least threatening and least ambitious of monarchs, and the legacy of the Mughal Empire was more acceptable a uniting force to most allied kings than the domination of any other Indian kingdom

The Independence Of India

The Indian independence movement was a movement from 1857 until August 15, 1947, when India got independence from the British Raj. The movement involved many political and social organizations and armed and unarmed struggle. Many political ideas also contributed to the movement and the most famous person in it was Mohandas Gandhi.

What inspired Gandhi to go on a Civil Disobedience movement? Gandhi got his inspiration from famous American philosopher David Thoreau who wrote a book that declared that no one ought to pay taxes. Gandhiji so inspired by the book that he used the same tactic in the struggle for Independence. He employed the method in the boycott of foreign goods and abolish tax on salt and led his followers to make salt themselves.

Do you know why Lord Mountbatten, the last Viceroy and the first Governor General of India decide on Aug 15 as the Indian Independence Day?Mountbatten chose the day since Aug 15 also commemorated the second anniversary of Japan’s surrender to the Allied Forces.

Inspired by a suggestion made by A.O. Hume, a retired British civil servant, seventy-three Indian delegates met in Bombay in 1885 and founded the Indian National Congress. They were mostly members of the upwardly mobile and successful western-educated provincial elites, engaged in professions such as law, teaching and journalism. At its inception, the Congress had no well-defined ideology and commanded few of the resources essential to a political organisation. Instead, it functioned more as a debating society that met annually to express its loyalty to the British Raj and passed numerous resolutions on less controversial issues such as civil rights or opportunities in government (especially in the civil service). These resolutions were submitted to the Viceroy's government and occasionally to the British Parliament, but the Congress's early gains were srit. Despite its claim to represent all India, the Congress voiced the interests of urban elites; the number of participants from other social and economic backgrounds remained negligible.


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