The Holocaust

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by LashaM
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies
World War II

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The Holocaust

In 1933,the Jewish population of Europe stood at over 9million. Most European Jews lived in countries that Nazi Germany would occupy or influence during World War 2. By 1945, the Germans and their callaborators killed nearly 2 out of every 3 European Jews as part of the "Final Solution", the Nazi policy to murder the Jews of Europe.They also targeted homosexuals, Gypsies, and anyone who didn't match perscribed social norms.

The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in 1933, believed that Jews were a threat to the so-called Germans racial community. Hitler blamed Jews for Germany's defeat in WW1 and made Germany to also believe so.


The Holocaust

What was the Holocaust?

The National Socialist government established concentration camps. The Germans and their collaborators created ghettos also, to concentrate and monitor the Jewish population as well as to faciliate later deportation of the Jews. They also established numerous forced-labor camps.

"Final Solution"

SS guards moved camp inmates by train or on on force marches called death marches. The marches continued until May 7, 1945, the day the German armed forces surrendured unconditionally to the Allies. For the western Allies,World War 2 officially ended in Europe the next day (V-E Day) while soviet forces announced their "Victory Day" on May 9, 1945.

Many of the survivors found shelter in displaced persons (DP) camps administered by the allied powers. Between 1948-1951almost 700,000 Jews emigrated to Israel,including 136,000 Jewish DP'emigrated to the U.S. & other nations. The last DP camp closed in 1957.

The End of the Holocaust


Between 1941 and 1944 Nazi Germans authorities deportedJews from Germany to ghettos and to killinfg centers oftencalled extermination camp, where they were murdered in specially developed gassing facilities.


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