The Holocaust

In Glogpedia

by candiceSu
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
European history
Grade:
11

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The Holocaust

The Holocaust (also called Ha-Shoah in Hebrew) refers to the period from January 30, 1933 - when  Adolf Hitlerbecame chancellor of Germany - to May 8, 1945, when the war in Europe officially ended. During this time, Jews in Europe were subjected to progressively harsher persecution that ultimately led to the murder of 6,000,000 Jews (1.5 million of these being children) and the destruction of 5,000 Jewish communities. These deaths represented two-thirds of European Jewry and one-third of all world Jewry.

The infamous gateway at Auschwitz 1 concentration camp. The sign reads; 'Work makes you free'. In fact, Jews and other groups went through this gateway to their death, rather than to freedom.

To the anti-Semitic Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, Jews were an inferior race, an alien threat to German racial purity and community. After years of Nazi rule in Germany, during which Jews were consistently persecuted, Hitler’s “final solution”–now known as the Holocaust–came to fruition under the cover of world war, with mass killing centers constructed in the concentration camps of occupied Poland.

Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jobufl3C5aE&sns=em

A young Jewish girl named Anne Frank (1929-1945), her parents and older sister moved to the Netherlands from Germany after Adolf Hilter and the Nazis came to power there in 1933 and made life increasingly difficult for Jews. In 1942, Frank and her family went into hiding in a secret apartment behind her father’s business in German-occupied Amsterdam. The Franks were discovered in 1944 and sent to concentration camps; only Anne’s father survived. Anne Frank’s diary of her family’s time in hiding, first published in 1947, has been translated into almost 70 languages and is one of the most widely read accounts of the Holocaust.


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