The history of coffee

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by karakling
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World History

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The history of coffee

The year was circa 850 CE. The place was the region of Kaffa in present-day Ethiopia. An Arab herder named Khalid noticed that his goats were acting energized after eating a particular berry. He had discovered coffee!

The Origin Legend

Islamic physician, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariya El Razi (aka Rhazes), who lived from 850-922, wrote, "[coffee] is hot and dry and very good for the stomach." Not long after, the philosopher and physician Ibn Sina (aka Avicenna), wrote that coffee "cleans the skin, and dries up the humidities that are under it, and gives an excellent smell to all the body."

Early Medicinal Uses

Coffee Craze Spreads

From Ethiopia, coffee is thought to have spread to Yemen, where the Sufi mystics incorporated it into their religious ceremonies. By the 15th century, coffee was popular in other parts of the Muslim world, such as Mecca and Turkey, where it became an integral part of daily life. Venetian traders brought from Istanbul to Venice by sea in 1650.

Ibn Sina

Turkish Coffee House

The word coffee is derived from the word 'qahwah,' meaning 'wine' in Arabic. Over 500 billion cups of coffee are served worldwide each year.Although too much coffee is not good for you, medical research agrees with early Islamic scholars that moderate consumption of coffee is associated with health benefits, including improved mood and reduced risk of kidney stones.

Today's Coffee Economy

Today coffee is a $60+ billion/year export industry (second only to oil) and a truly global commodity. Most coffee is grown in developing countries in Asia, Africa, and South America, and consumed in developed countries in Europe and North America (although Japan is also a big consumer of coffee). More than two-thirds of the world's coffee comes from arabica beans.

Arabica Beans

Did You Know?

Bibligraphy

Coffee Beans. Pixabay. N.p., 2015. Web. 2 Apr. 2015. ."Coffee Country Facts & Stats." Frontline World. WGBH Educational Foundation, May 2003. Web. 2 Apr. 2015. ."Coffee Craze Spread With Islam." Coffee. National Geographic Society, 1999. Web. 2 Apr. 2015. ."How Islamic Inventors Changed the World." The Independent. independent.co.uk, 11 Mar. 2006. Web. 2 Apr. 2015. .Ibn Sina (Avicenna). N.d. Wikimedia Commons. Web. 2 Apr. 2015. .Köhler, Franz Eugen. Coffea Arabica Plant and Seeds. N.d. Wikimedia Commons. Wikipedia. Web. 2 Apr. 2015. ."Turkish Coffee House." Flickr. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Apr. 2015. .Ukers, William. All About Coffee. New York: Tea and Coffee Trade Journal Company, 1922. Early History of Coffee. Web. 2 Apr. 2015. ."What Is the Origin of Coffee? The History of a Delicacy." Bonaverde. N.p., 12 Sept. 2014. Web. 2 Apr. 2015. .

by Mrs. Kling

The History of Coffee


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