The Harz Info

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The Harz Info

The Harz

The work presented in this document is supported by the European Union. The content of this document is the sole responsibility of the author and it does not represent the opinion of the European Union and the European Union is not responsible or liable for any use that might be made of information contained herein.

The Harz National Park consists of upland spruce forests, beech forests, bogs, fens and mires, montane heaths, boulder and rock formations and watercourses. It was founded in 2003 and is reported as a conservation area and confirmed for the most part as European bird sanctuary.


In Germany many birds are endangered. The influence of agriculture reduces the habitat for typical grassland birds. Endangered animals are the black woodpecker, the stock dove,the black stork. In danger of extinction are the pregrine falcon and the pygmy owl and also some insects.

Characteristic breeding birds in the beech woods are the black woodpecker and stock dove.A good sign is the return of the black stork.The mixed mountain forest is the natural habitat of the grouse and the boreal owl.



Over 5,000 species of wild animals live in the beech forests of the Harz Mountains. Most of them insects .They help to decompose leaves and turn them into soil. Among them are all kinds of worms, millipedes, earthworms and snails.

In 2000, the lynx was successfully reintroduced by the Harz National Park, and it has since fitted well into the ecology of the region. The bat population in the Harz is stable. Other mammals the red deer, roe deer, wild boar and mouflon.

The Harz is the highest mountain range in Northern Germany. The Brocken is the highest summit in the Harz with a height of 1,141.1 metres. With 971 metres the Wurmberg is the highest peak located in Lower Saxony. The vegetation of the Harz mountains is divided into six altitudinal zones.

The Harz is one of the few breeding areas of the peregrine falcon.It needs steep rock outcrops with little vegetation. After its population had died out in the Harz, a breeding pair was re-established in the region.


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