The Great Deppresion

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by magruder027
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies

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The Great Deppresion


Throughout the 1930s, more than a million acres of land were affected in the Dust Bowl, thousands of farmers lost their livelihoods and property, and mass migration patterns began to emerge as farmers left rural America in search of work in urban areas. This migration added to Great Depression unemployment woes, stressed relief and benefits programs, and created social strife in many large American cities.

Although the U.S. stock market crash of October 1929 is often seen as the beginning of the Great Depression, in Alabama and elsewhere, the crash exacerbated an already existing decline in agriculture. The Alabamians, like many southerners, lived on the edge of poverty, and personal annual income fell from an already low $311 in 1929 to a $194 in 1935. There was a rise of widespread sharecropping and farm tenancy.The prices of the crops dropped dramatically. Alabama's farm families experienced the first pangs of Depression when cotton prices plummeted and some Farmers were forced to leave to find work in cities. Within just 10 years the number of landowners fell from around 96,000 people to 75,000 people. Many farm families lived on the brink of starvation and bankruptcy during good years, so the Depression forced those on the land to focus on long-term survival. Farmers ate less meat and more filling and inexpensive starches, like beans and corn, and wore clothes made out of burlap feed and fertilizer sacks. Having less food, fewer clothes, and little money, rural Alabamians ceased going to school, church, and other social functions. Industries were hit later by the Depression, so some farmers left their land for the mills and mines of cities.

Noah VillanuevaJed Micheal SarmientoJoel Stevens-Donati KhanNolan French Jennifer Gomez


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