[2015] Janusz Zielinski: The Graffiti on the Wall in the city under terroristic threat

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by JennieBrown
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Psychology

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[2015] Janusz Zielinski: The Graffiti on the Wall in the city under terroristic threat

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"The Outstanding common characteristic of terrorists is their normality"- Prof. Martha Crenshaw

Group Dynamic:System of behaviors occurring within a social group or between social groupsLe Bon, 1895.

Aggression:Behaviour with a purpose or function to injure another person, physically or psychologically.Oxford Dictionary of Psychology

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BELONGINGStrong sense of belonging has critical importance as a motivating factor (Post,1984). Terrorist groups may provide a feeling of security (Volkan 1997) and can provide solidarity with family, friends (Della Porta,1995) Attraction is often to the group, or community of believers, rather than to an abstract ideology or to violence (Crenshaw 1988)

Why do people join terrorist organisations? Terrorism has existed since before the dawn of recorded history (Merari andFriedland 1985). Explanations of why people join terrorist organisations are diverse, ranging from social aspects to biological factors.

Lower levels of Serotonin is linked with higher levels of aggression (Smith 1986)Lavine (1997) found an increase in Dopamine leads to aggressive behaviour. Couppis et al (2008) some individuals seek out aggressive encounters because of the rewarding sensations caused by the increase in dopamine.

IDENTITYStable sense of self belief and attitudes which arise in a group agreement makes people feel they belong providing an identity, known as identity foreclosure (Marcia 1976).Shaw (1988) terrorist identity offers the individual a role and the feeling of being part of society.Feeling of acceptance becomes an important component of a psychosocial identity (Post 1987).

ANTISOCIAL BEHAVIORDysfunction in the prefrontal cortex may be responsible for the psychophysiologic loss found in people who engage in antisocial behavior (Raine, 1993). Also, Raine (1997) suggest that prefrontal dysfunction may account for low levels of arousal, low (stress) reactivity, and fearlessness


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