The Government of the Republic

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by alshehabf
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History
Grade:
7,8,9,10

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The Government of the Republic

The Government Of the Republic

Principples of Roman Republic

Roman citizens

The Assemblies and Senate

Magistrates

The Roman Example

Key Terms

The Roman government had a mixture of aristocratic, democratic and monarchial government that lasted for 500 years. People who played role in the government are leaders, wealthy aristocratic and also average citizen. Roman's government was structured by a constitution. It was unwritten and based on tradition and belief. Roman didn't want to be ruled by a single person so, they built a system to make sure no one is too powerful and they split the power by two or more officials. Roman also elected two leaders with equal power called consuls. Since officials only had one year of power, they couldn't do any harm. In Rome, power is divided into three branches the assemblies, the senate and the magistrates. A government with three branches is called, Tripartite government. Each branch has it's own powers which is balanced because they had equal power. The rule of law is important principal to Roman government. The law was applied to everyone. Even when officials finished their term they have to follow the law.

In Roman, free men were citizens and played a direct role in the government. While, woman and slave didn't. In Rome only citizen could wear toga, which is a garment that adult male wore wrapped around their bodies. Roman citizen had the right to a trail and the right to vote. They could also join the army if they could afford their armor. Most important responsibility is the responsibility of a citizen. Roman citizen were divided into two orders, the patricians and the plebeians. The patrician were members of the oldest family and they were mostly wealthy. Patrician in the early days may have controlled the government. While, the plebeians were the majority of Rome, didn't come from the old families and they were mostly farmers and artisans. However some of the plebeians were wealthy. The plebeians forced the patricians to open up political offices to them by going to strike. During the war, the plebeians walked out of the city and the Rome couldn't fight without them. So, the patricians had to give up.

In the Roman government both the Patricians and the Plebeians had roles. Assemblies there were democratic and had 900 adult males. Votes of the wealthy weighed a lot more than votes of the poor. In this direct democracy, power was checked by powers of the senate and of elected officials. The senate was a part of the Roman government, which acted like an oligarchy. This oligarchy-like system had the wealthiest, best-known men become magistrates. Senates were chosen by and official called a censor to guide the state. The advice was followed well by assemblies and magistrates. There was even a policy on how to spend the state’s money. The authority was extremely powerful.

Powerful magistrate, as powerful as monarchs, were elected by Romans, they were wealthy, and with ancestors of high offices. The republic followed a standard form. Quaestors kept track of the state’s money and were assistants, their place was in the lowest office in the Race of Honors. Doing well meant seeking an election as aediles, people holding festivals and retaining public buildings. Tribunes protected plebeians; a plebeian can be elected as a tribune, or powerful officer. Tribunes could veto laws or even acts of magistrates; this gave great respect to them. After serving as an aedile or tribune, men could be judging cases, managing Rome and leading the army in a position called, praetor. Then they could be consuls, or the top officials in the roman republic, they directed the army, most importantly and were high judges even on top of senates. Both labels used to wear luxurious togas and sat on ivory chairs. They had lictors or bodyguards following them while holding their fasces. Usually, the word dictator means a horribly strict leader, however, in Rome, the senate voted a dictator as an important public officer with complete power for a maximum of six month when it’s urgent to be one. Once a man named Cincinnatus was typically working in his own farm but got chosen dictator suddenly. He defeated enemies quickly, resigned his office then went back to work. His quick responding to the task was what made him thought of as the model citizen.

The Roman Republic was the most successful republic in all time. Because of its successfulness the American constitution has very similar laws. For example the United States gives the right for every citizen to vote, as did the Roman Republic. The laws are applied to every American as it did to every Roman citizen. Although they both have a lot of similarities they both vary in some ways. The United Sates has a written constitution while Rome didn’t have one. Ancient Rome practiced direct democracy in contrast the United Sates practices representative democracy.

-Constitution: is a system of rules by which a government is organized.-Veto: to stop an action of a government official.-Magistrates: are elected officilas who enforce the law.-Toga: a garment that men wore around their bodies.-Consuls: are the top officials of the Roman Republic.

Sherifa AlkhubaiziMariam AlruwaihFatma Alshehab10H


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