The Ganges River

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by Brigette7E19
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies

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The Ganges River

The Ganges River

Interesting Facts:• The Ganges is home to over 100 different species of fish and more than 50 different types of amphibian.• The Ganges shark, once common in the waters of the Ganges River, is now endangered. The same is true of the Ganges river dolphin.• In some places, particularly around the city of Varanasi, the Ganges is much shallower than it once was. Many have suggested that climate change has contributed to this.• Producing 1 pair of leather jeans requires 50 gallons of fresh water.

Bibliography:Das, S 2013, Ganga: Goddess of the Holy River,, accessed 7 November 2013, .How did the Ganges River impact ancient India?, 2013,, accessed 7 November 2013, .Interesting Facts on Ganga, 2013, © Varanasi, accessed 7 November 2013, .Interesting facts and information about Ganges:the holy river of india, 2013,, accessed 7 November 2013, .News from the National Council for Geographic Education, 2011, Map,, accessed 7 November 2013, .India's River Diversion Plan: Its impact on Bangladesh, 2003,, accessed 7 November 2013, .

Background Info: • Ganges gets divided into two branches near pakur- Padma and Bhagirathi-Hooghly. Padma enters Bangladesh and empties in Bay of Bengal. Bhagirathi-Hooghly branch meets with Jalangi River at Nabadwip and became known as the Hooghly Rive• There are two major dams on the Ganges, one at Haridwar and the other dam is a part of the hydroelectric project at Farakka.• It was ranked 5th in the most polluted rivers category in world.• The Ganges contributes to more than 25 per cent of India's total water resources.

Geography Table

Negative Impacts of the Ganges River • The Ganges River becomes a dumping ground, for example: factories put hazardous chemicals and industrial by-products into the river polluting it. • The combination of untreated chemicals and industrial waste has had a terrible effect on the health of Indians who rely on the river for religious and non-religious activities. For example many Indians catch painful skin conditions, respiratory diseases, and deadly waterborne illnesses such as typhoid, polio, and jaundice. • As a result of the Ganges River many cities are extremely polluted such as the industrial city of Kanpur.

Positive impacts Of the Ganges River • The Ganges River affected India by it being a reliable water source. • When the river flooded it would make good fertile soil once the flood died down. The fertile soil is perfect for crops.• It makes 12 waterfalls before reaching Haridwar and is used to generate hydroelectricity.• Considered as the most sacred river, people bathe in it to be purified from their sins.• Canals leading from the main river are used as an effective means of irrigation in the plains.• As it is a perennial river, it provides water the year long.

Religious involvementIn Hinduism, the river Ganges is personified as a goddess and holds an important place in the Hindu religion. In Hindu mythology, it is believed that bathing in the river causes all of your sins to disappear into the river and it also facilitates your salvation. About Goddess Ganga Hindus view goddess Ganga as a fair and beautiful woman wearing a white crown with a water lily and a water pot in her hands, and riding her pet crocodile.Ganga is also worshiped as a deity in Hinduism and is referred to as 'Gangaji' or 'Ganga Maiya' (Mother Ganga).

Quote The first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, aptly summarized the importance of River Ganga in the hearts of the Indians, in general, and Hindus."The Ganga, especially, is the river of India, beloved of herpeople, round which are intertwined her memories, her hopesand fears, her songs of triumph, her victories and herdefeats. She has been a symbol of India's age-long cultureand civilization, ever changing, ever flowing, and yet everthe same Ganga".

“Varanasi is one of the most ancient cities of learning. This was a place where hundreds of enlightened beings lived at a time. In every street, you had an enlightened being to meet.” - Sadhguru

“Those who bathe at Ganga at least once in its pure water are protected from thousands of dangers forever and get rid of sins of generations and are purified immediately” — Brahmanandpuranam

PollutionThe major polluting industries on the Ganges are the leather industries, especially near Kanpur, which use large amounts of chromium and other chemicals, and much of it finds its way into the meager flow of the Ganga. However, industry is not the only source of pollution. The sheer volume of waste — estimated at nearly 1 billion litres per day - of mostly untreated raw sewage — is a significant factor. Also, inadequate cremation procedures contributes to a large number of partially burnt or unburnt corpses floating down the Ganga, in addition to livestock corpses.

This the mouth of the river

This the source of the river


  • Alexandra7E2 7 years ago

    Alexandra7E2's avatar

    Lots of good information!
    You could vary the colour of the text boxes next time.
    Good pictures :)

  • Andie7E14 7 years ago

    Andie7E14's avatar

    there is a lot of information. but it is good

  • Katherine7E9 7 years ago

    Katherine7E9's avatar

    Lots of information, you could probably include more visuals

  • Grace7E22 7 years ago

    Grace7E22's avatar

    I really like the music, very informative and really neat. good work :)

  • Maia7E3 7 years ago

    Maia7E3's avatar

    Very Informative :)
    Could include more colour and visuals :)
    Loved the map in the background :)

  • Annika7E17 7 years ago

    Annika7E17's avatar

    Your glog looks amazing but also your information is really good and informative.

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