The French and Indian War

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by SARAHE123
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World History
Grade:
8

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The French and Indian War

In Pennsylvania, the objective was to finish what Braddock had attempted—capture of Fort Duquesne and The Forks of the Ohio. Major General John Forbes, with a force of 6,000 regulars andprovincial troops, was assigned that task of capturing Fort Duquesne.

Major General John Forbes

Main Causes of War

George Washington and 150men were sent out to build a fort, when they realized that the french had already gotten thereand had built Fort Duquense.Washington carrying out his orders,devised a surprise attack, which was successful, but that success was brief. French counterattacked,leaving Washington and his menbadly outnumbered. They tried fighting back, but the attempt was futile, they surrendered. But Washington sparked the French and Indian War

When Forbes was assigned the task of capturing Fort Duquesne,people assumed he'd be taking Braddock's route, when he tried.But, Forbes decided he wouldn't, heinstead made his own path, Forbes Road.Making a more direct road throughPennslyania

In the end, both sides, Britain and France signed a treaty, the Treatyof Paris. This treaty ended France's power in North America, only allowed a few islands, while Britain claimed allof their land. Everything east of the Mississippi River, except for NewOrleans. After France left, the Indians suffered, since the french were gone,they were no longer recieveing theirgoods. Also British were advancingin on their land, infuriating the Indians.Indian leaders said that all the natives should join together and revolt. Starting Pontiac's Rebellion. Pontiac's Rebellion resulted in eight of eleven British forts destroyed and hundreds of settlers captured or killed.During the Rebellion, both sides, the natives and British came to an agreement. The Proclamation of 1763. This document ordered colonial settlers to remain east of the Appalachian Mountains and not bother the Indians.

Both Forces, The British and the French wanted the vast area of the Ohio Valley. Britain was making their way down there, when they discovered the french were already there. So when Britain tried pushing in to try and get to the Appalachian Mountains to trade for furs and take over the french trade, France fought back.

How the War ended

How the War started

After the War

1758Forbes Road and Fort Duquesne, a battlein the French and Indian War

Video of War

Map of Forbes Road

British General Wolfe's bold plan won British the war. Wolfe's plan was for his 4,000 british troops to climb up a steepcliff and to assemble on top. The french caught off guard, lost the fierce battle. The fall of Quebec sealed the fate of New France, though fighting dragged on for several more years.But, in 1763 Britain and France signed the Treaty of Paris bringing the long conflict to the end.

The French and Indian War

In 1758, The battle of Fort Duquesne was fought with the French and British, with some of their Indian allies. John Forbes, general of the British and his men made a trail to get to Fort Duquesne, Forbes Road. Along the way they set up forts, to serve as supply depots and rallying points just in case of a tactical reverse. Two of the most important ones were Fort Beford and Fort Ligonier. While Fort Ligonier was under construction Colonel Henry Bouquet, Forbes second in command sent out a force of 800 men to go and check out Fort Duquesne to see their enemy's forces. Ignoring their orders they attacked, and they failed miserable. This set in a sequence of events, which led to the British victory. The french commander sent out his own scouting party to check out the British. When seeing the other forces strength, the french realized that resistance was futile. The french blew up their fortess and retreated. Forbes' army marched right into Fort Duquesne without further conflict. The general then ordered his men to build a fort on the site and name it after William Pitt, the prime minister of Great Britain. Forbes then traveled back to Philadelphia, where he died only a few months after.


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