The Election of Abraham Lincoln

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The Election of Abraham Lincoln

The Boston Globe

On November 6th, 1860 Abraham Lincoln was voted the new president of the United States. With over more than one third of the votes, Abraham Lincoln won the presidential election.Although Lincoln did not have the support of the slave states, he had the challenge of getting the country to be as united as it used to be. Lincoln's election caused many problems throughout the nation due to the tensions between the slave and non-slave states.

The Election of Abraham Lincoln

The Compromise of 1850

After the debate on 1849 on whether California should be a slave state or a free state, the Compromise of 1850 was established. This compromise included the Congress to admit California as a free state. Other states like New Mexico and Utah would have the choice of deciding if they wanted to be a free state or a slave state. This compromise led to the South to feel threatened by the North and its growing population because this meant the North would have more representative in the House of Representatives. Southerners were enraged that the North had more political power and tthey were capable of stopping slavery.

A Chambersburg correspondent of the Philadelphia Press says that the facts in relation to the escape from Harper’s Ferry, of F. J. Merriam, Owen Brown, Barclay Coppic, C. P. Tidd, and J. C. Anderson, (a negro,) are now well known in that vicinity. He says: Merriam is a young Bostonian of scarcely 23 years of age. He passed through part of the Kansas war, and was fearless and untiring in his efforts against the Missourians who were at war with the free State men. Subsequently he went to Hayti and spent a winter there. He does not seem to have been immediately connected with John Brown in his Harper’s Ferry insurrection until about the 1st of October. He came to this place about that time on his way to Harper’s Ferry, and called upon one of our attorneys and had his will drawn, properly executed, and mailed to his executor in Boston. He represented himself as a tourist on his way South, and fearing accidents, wished his will prepared. He is a young man of fine address and evidently more than ordinary culture. He was not in the fight at Harper’s Ferry, but was stationed at an outpost for some purpose—perhaps to receive and lead expected reinforcements. In company with Tidd, Coppic, and Brown, he came to Chambersburg the night Cook was put in jail; and the whole four remained in this immediate vicinity for several days. They were seen frequently by different persons and suspected to be the fugitives; but nothing was known of them with any degree of positiveness, excepting by a few, who were professionally or otherwise confidentially advised of their names and purpose.

After the election of Abraham Lincoln, Southerners were enraged that even though he had no support from them, he was still able to win the election. They felt threatened by the Northerners and how powerful they were that it caused many problems. The slave states were afraid of what the Northerners could do so they decided to leave the Union and they created a "new" country.

They slept in a barn near town two nights and were seen there; and they called at several houses in town after dark to get food. It is generally understood that they desired and contemplated the rescue of Cook from prison; but they were prevailed upon not to attempt it. They had each four revolvers, in addition to their bowie knives and rifles. It is believed that but one white person communicated with them directly during their stay here, and that person was a woman; though it is more than probable that they were advised indirectly by several of our citizens.

John Brown's Raid On Harper's Ferry

Bibliography: "Compromise of 1850." American Eras. Vol. 7: Civil War and Reconstruction, 1850-1877. Detroit: Gale, 1997. 191-193. U.S. History in Context. Web. 19 May 2014.Clay, Henry. "The Compromise of 1850." The Civil War. Woodbridge, CT: Primary Source Media, 1999. American Journey. U.S. History in Context. Web. 19 May 2014."Compromise of 1850." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. Ed. Shirelle Phelps and Jeffrey Lehman. 2nd ed. Vol. 12. Detroit: Gale, 2005. 147-157. U.S. History in Context. Web. 19 May 2014"Harpers Ferry Raid." Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. Ed. Thomas Carson and Mary Bonk. Detroit: Gale, 1999. U.S. History in Context. Web. 19 May 2014.Lubet, Steven. "Busted! John Brown's best spy escaped from Harpers Ferry, but he couldn't escape justice." America's Civil War Jan. 2013: 48+. General OneFile. Web. 20 May 2014"Compromise of 1850." Encyclopedia of the American West. Ed. Charles Phillips and Alan Axelrod. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 1996. U.S. History in Context. Web. 20 May 2014."Shepherdstown Register Articles on John Brown Raid." Shepherdstown Register Articles on John Brown Raid. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2014.

By: Andrea Contreras


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