The Effects of Original Sin and God´s Promis for Salvation

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The Effects of Original Sin and God´s Promis for Salvation

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The Effects of Original Sin and God's Promis for Salvation

After the Fall, when all original holiness and justice was lost, God delivered the consequences for Adam and Eve's sins in a passage known at the Protoevangelium; meaning the first announcement of the Good News and promise of God's redemptive love through the person of Jesus Christ.

The Protoevangelium: "I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; He will strike at your head, while you strike at his heel" (Genesis 3:15).The literal sense, or explicit meaning of this text, of this passage is the explanation as to why humans and snakes do not get along. The spiritual sense, or the biblical interpretation that goes beyond the literal sense, of the passage reveals God's first promise to send a Savior to free humanity from sin.

The Mosaic Covenant: Through this covenant, there is a theophany (God's breaking into the human dimension so an individual's understanding of God is deepened or changed) at Mount Sinai when God summons Moses and gives him a set of laws that Moses and the Israelites are to follow. Other than being called the Mosaic Law, this law is also called the Old Law because it has been fulfilled in Jesus Christ who is the New Law. It is crucial that the Jewish people obey the law in order to maintain the covenant with God, and they later call the first five books of their Scriptures the Torah which is the Hebrew word meaning "law." These laws teach the Chosen People how to be in right relationship with God and it is a step to restoration of originall holiness and justice.

The Abrahamic Covenant: Starting with Abraham, God calls upon Chosen People, the Israelites, to be in a unique relationship with him. The relationship is established through the covenant with Abraham in Genesis 12:2-6 "I will make of you a greant nation, and I will bless you; I will make your name great, so that you will be ablessing. I will bless those who bless you and curse those who curse you. All the communities of the earth shall find blessing in you." God asks Abraham and his descendants to: walk with him, to be blameless, and to practice circumsion, which means removing the foreskin of the penis that is the physical sign of the covenant. In return, God promises Abraham three things: many descendants, a land of their own, and a blessing to all the other nations. This covenant is the beginning of a new phase for God to restore humanity's holiness and justice.

God makes covenants, or solemn agreements between two parties, with Israel in which he is able to communicate his love for humanity and his desire to bring us back into relationship with him. Such covenants - with Noah, Abraham, Moses, and David - direct us to the Paschal Mystery, or the work of salvation accomplished by Jesus Christ mainly through his Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension.

The Covenant with Noah: As the population on the earth increases, so does sin. Through the story of Noah and the Flood (Genesis 6:5-9:17), God saw how "no desire that [humanity's] heart conceived was ever anything but evil" (6:5). God devised a plan to unfortunately start all over again, but he salvaged just one person, Noah, and his family. God keeps his promise to save the descendants of Adam and Eve through Noah and his family. To fulfill this promise, God makes a covenant with Noah and through Noah will all humankind by saying: "Never again shall all bodily creatures be destroyed by the waters of a flood" (9:11).

The Davidic Covenant: In this covenant, King David is wishing to build a house for the Ark of the Covenant, the sacred box in which the Ten Commandments are kept. The prophet Nathan speask on behalf of God and advises him not to build the temple, that David's heir will build it instead. God promises David that "your house and your kingdom shall endure forever before me; your throne shall stand firm forever" (2 Samuel 7:16). Although David's kingdom falls in 598 BC, it still rendered on because through the previous context, "house" means line of descendants and this promise was fulfilled by Jesus Christ because he is a direct descendant of David.

The prophets of Israel act like watchdogs for God and make sure that the kings and people are being faithful to the Covenant and the Law. The four major prohets are: Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, and Isaiah. These prophets knew that the people of Israel had to stay faithful to the Covenant in order for God to redeem all of humanity and restore all lost relationships (both holy and with each other). Together, the prophets foreshadow Christ's own role as a prophet because Jesus Christ is the incarnate, or flesh, Word and the Word is God. All the prophesies foreshadow, or represent a person before his life or an event before it occurs, the coming of a Savior: Jesus Christ. Humanity's restoration comes from Jesus's Passion, death, Resurrection, and Ascension. These events are known as the Pashcal Mystery, and they are celebrated one week a year known as Holy Week.


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