The Ebola Virus Part 2

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by BenWickham
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Biology

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The Ebola Virus Part 2

Ebola Effected Countries

The Ebola Virus Part 2

The main countries that have been effected are Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone in West Africa. This is due to the 2014 outbreak which has the greatest effect on these three countries. Although the have been cases and outbreaks of Ebola in other countries the cases of Ebola effected people in the 2014 outbreak is more than all the others combined. Other countries that have had the virus including, Senegal Italy, Nigeria, Mali, Congo, Spain, United States and United Kingdom. The reason the virus has effected mainly African countries is because this is where the disease originated and it is often that these countries living conditions are poor with bad hygiene, weak health systems, lack human and infrastructural resources, and have only recently emerged from long periods of conflict and instability (WHO, n.d.). This all contributes to the disease spreading throughout Africa.

Different Outbreaks of Ebola

Ebola first appeared in 1976 in two simultaneous outbreak in the areas that are now Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo having 318 cases and 280 deaths. (Bradford, 2014) Since then, there have been 24 more outbreaks that have occurred in multiple countries in Africa. The most recent and worst Ebola outbreak began in March 2014 across multiple countries in West Africa. (Bradford, 2014) This is the largest Ebola outbreak with more cases and deaths in this outbreak than all others combined. There have been 27760 reported Ebola cases in 2014 and of these cases the death toll has been 11289 victims (CDS, 2015). (the 2014 sction on graph is not current)

Prevention of Ebola

These steps can be taken to futher prevent the spread of Ebola:•Practice careful hygiene•Avoid contact with infected people •Do not handle items that might have come in connection with an infected person’s body fluids or blood•Avoid facilities where Ebola patients are being treated. •Avoid contact with semen from a man who has had Ebola •If treating patients wear appropriate personal protective equipment •Isolate patients with Ebola from other patients.•Avoid direct contact with the bodies of people who have died from Ebola.•Avoid bush meat.


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