[2015] Alyssa Tigler (AB 34): The Divided Nation

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Social Studies
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[2015] Alyssa Tigler (AB 34): The Divided Nation

Kansas-Nebraska ActIn 1854 the Kansas–Nebraska Act was created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opening new lands for settlement, and had the effect of the Missouri Compromise of 1820 by allowing white male settlers in those territories to determine through popular sovereignty whether they would allow slavery within each territory. Voters of the moment would decide whether slavery would be allowed or not.

Compromise of 1850Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky had a plan to keep nations in peace and to give what both sides wanted. These rules soon lead to Henry drawing attack on California. The compromise made California able to enter the union as a free state. Then Mexico divided into two new territoies Utah and New Mexico. Lastly the compromise outlawed slave tarde and made new fugitive slave laws.


Dred Scott DecisionDred Scott was a landmark decision by the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court held that African Americans, whether enslaved or free, could not be American citizens and therefore had no standing to sue in federal court, and that the federal government had no power to regulate slavery in the federal territories acquired after the creation of the United States. Dred Scott, an enslaved African American man who had been taken by his owners to free states and territories, attempted to sue for his freedom.

Election of 1860The Election of 1860 was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1860, and served as the immediate responce for the outbreak of the American Civil War. The United States had been divided during the 1850s on questions surrounding the expansion of slavery and the rights of slave owners. In 1860, these issues broke the Democratic Party into Northern and Southern territory, and a new Constitutional Union Party appeared. In the face of a divided opposition, the Republican Party, dominant in the North, got most of the votes, makingAbraham Linclon winning his presidency with almost no support from the South.

The South Secedes The force of events moved very quickly upon the election of Lincoln. South Carolina acted first, calling for a convention to secede from the Union. State by state, conventions were held, and the Confederacy was formed





Abarhsm Lincoln's Quote"This country with its institutions, belongs to the people who inhabits it. Whenever they grow weary of the existing Government, they can exercise their constitution right of amending it or their revlultionary right to dismember or overthrow it. I can not be ignorant of the fact that many worthy and partriotic citiszens are desirous of having the National Constitution amanded..."



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