The Crusades

by AFrancuz18121
Last updated 5 years ago

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World History
Grade:
1

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The Crusades

Children's Crusade(1212)In this Crusade thousands of children set out to conquer Jerusalem in two different movements. One of the groups in France was led by Stephen of Cloyes, a 12-year-old. 30,000 children under the age of 18 joined him. They were only armed with the belief that God would give them Jerusalem. Many of them died from cold and starvation on their march to the Mediterannean. The rest drowned at sea or were sold into slavery. In Germany, Nicholas of Cologne gathered about 20,000 children and young adults. They marched towards Rome. Thousands died in the cold and the crossing of the Alps. The survivors did manage to see the pope in Italy. The pope told them to go home and wait until they were older. 2,000 of them survived the return trip to Germany. Some boarded the ship to the Holy Land and were never seen or heard of again.

Eight and Ninth Crusades(1270-1272)The Eight Crusade was led by Louis IX (1270). The 9th Crusade was led by Prince Edward, later to be Edward I of England (1271-1272).

Third Crusade(1189-1191)This Crusade was organized to recapture Jerusalem. It was led by Phillip II of France, German emperor Frederick I, and Richard the Lion-Hearted, the English King. Phillip went home due to argument with Richard, and Barbarossa (Frederick I) drowned on the journey. Richard was left to recapture the Holy Land from Saladin. Richard and Salladin were brilliant warriors. In 1192 they agreed to a truce, after many battles. Jerusalem remained under Muslim control. Saladin promised that unarmed Christian pilgrims could freely visit the holy places.

First Crusade(1096-1099) By early 1097, three armies of people and Knights of all classes gathered outside Constantinople. Most of them were French, Germans, Englishmen, Scots, Italians, and Spaniards. They were all ill-prepared for war. Many of them knew nothing about the geography, the climate, or the culture of the Holy Land. No strategy was made to capture Jerusalem. Nobles argued and couldn't agree on a leader. An army of 12,000 finally approached Jerusalem, and the Crusaders besieges the city for over a month. They captured Jerusalem on July 15, 1099.

Second Crusade(1147-1149)The Crusaders were extremely vulnerable to Muslim counterattack. Edessa was reconquered by the Turks in 1144. This Crusade was organized to recapture Edessa. They were defeated and straggled back home.

Fourth Crusade(1202-1204)This Crusade was meant to capture Jerusalem. They failed. The Knights did not even reach the Holy Land. They ended up looting the city of Constantinople instead.

Fifth, Sixth, and Seventh Crusade(1217-1254The Fifth Crusade was led by King Andrew II of Hungary, Duke Leopold VI of Austria, and John of Brienne (1217-1221). The Sixth Crusade was led by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II (1228-1229). The Seventh Crusade was led by Louis IX of France (1248-1254).

The Crusades


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